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Collectible Antique Longarms
(pre-1899)

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If you see a firearm that you want, let us know and we will hold it for you. Firearms manufactured after 1898 can only be shipped to someone with a Federal Firearms License (FFL). If you have a Curio & Relic FFL, we can ship items liste by the BATFE as Curiios & Relics directly to you, as long as there are no state or local restrictions (California??). If you do not have a C&R FFL, then we can only ship guns made after 1898 to a FFL dealer in your area. The dealer will have you fill out a 4473 form ("yellow sheet") to conduct the required federal "Brady" instant background check, and any other paperwork required in your area before allowing you to take possession. FFL holders often charge a small fee for handling these transfers, as well as any state or federal fees for the background check. If you don't know of any FFL holders in your area, we may be able to help you find one willing to handle transfers.
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Collectible Antique Longarms for sale (pre-1899)

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We have divided this catalog into several sections:
(new items are added at the top of each section)

U.S. Military Antique Longarms
Non-Military Antique American Longarms (Kentucky Rifles, pre-1898 Winchesters, etc)
Foreign Antique Longarms (Military and non-military)
Miscellaneous Stuff and Restoration Projects!

U.S. Military Antique Longarms

**NEW ADDITION** 20478 U.S. MODEL 1884 .45-70 TRAPDOOR RIFLE- NICE! - Serial number 352327 made in 1887. A great representative example of the trapdoor rifle if you only plan on getting one. (Later you will realize the narrow-mindedness of such a decision and accept that you really need several more variations….but this is a good starting point.) This has the improved Buffington rear sight for long range use, and all the mechanical improvements found in trapdoors. It was the last version made before they went off on the rod-bayonet kick which eliminated the need to carry a separate bayonet (which was little used) and instead added a point and a latch so the cleaning rod served as a bayonet, which was also little used. This rifle was made in 1887 and has a faint SWP/1887 cartouche and legible circle P. The walnut stock has an old oil finish and only a few insignificant scratches or dings. The metal parts retain about 95% of the original arsenal rust blue finish with a bit more wear on the buttplate and some light pitting on the heel of the buttplate. Former vandal/owner marked his initials “L.R.S.” on the buttplate, however this is right next to the lightly pitted area and you would be forgiven if you lightly filed and polished those areas and touched them up. The breech block retains nearly all of its vivid color case hardening, and also the tang. Bore is sharp and excellent, bright on the top of the lands but a little rough in the grooves which is probably dried grease or crud and might clean out. Mechanically excellent. There are a bunch of scrapes, nicks and dings near the muzzle upon close inspection (see photos) we point out so you won't be surprised. There is no documented history for this rifle, but nearby numbers (+/- 1,000 or about the number of men in a regiment) have been documented as serving during the Spanish American War with volunteer units from CO, DC, DE, IA, OR, PA, TN and TX. This illustrates why it is impossible and silly to try to claim that a gun with a number nearby must have been used by the same unit. Still, it is likely that this gun did get issued for Spanish American War use. A very handsome example, either of the Model 1884 if you need one of those, or of the entire family if that is your goal. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $1,095.00 (View Picture) 20478 U.S. MODEL 1884 .45-70 TRAPDOOR RIFLE- NICE! - Serial number 352327 made in 1887. A great representative example of the trapdoor rifle if you only plan on getting one. (Later you will realize the narrow-mindedness of such a decision and accept that you really need several more variations….but this is a good starting point.) This has the improved Buffington rear sight for long range use, and all the mechanical improvements found in trapdoors. It was the last version made before they went off on the rod-bayonet kick which eliminated the need to carry a separate bayonet (which was little used) and instead added a point and a latch so the cleaning rod served as a bayonet, which was also little used. This rifle was made in 1887 and has a faint SWP/1887 cartouche and legible circle P. The walnut stock has an old oil finish and only a few insignificant scratches or dings. The metal parts retain about 95% of the original arsenal rust blue finish with a bit more wear on the buttplate and some light pitting on the heel of the buttplate. Former vandal/owner marked his initials “L.R.S.” on the buttplate, however this is right next to the lightly pitted area and you would be forgiven if you lightly filed and polished those areas and touched them up. The breech block retains nearly all of its vivid color case hardening, and also the tang. Bore is sharp and excellent, bright on the top of the lands but a little rough in the grooves which is probably dried grease or crud and might clean out. Mechanically excellent. There are a bunch of scrapes, nicks and dings near the muzzle upon close inspection (see photos) we point out so you won't be surprised. There is no documented history for this rifle, but nearby numbers (+/- 1,000 or about the number of men in a regiment) have been documented as serving during the Spanish American War with volunteer units from CO, DC, DE, IA, OR, PA, TN and TX. This illustrates why it is impossible and silly to try to claim that a gun with a number nearby must have been used by the same unit. Still, it is likely that this gun did get issued for Spanish American War use. A very handsome example, either of the Model 1884 if you need one of those, or of the entire family if that is your goal. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $1,95.00 PRICE REDUCED TO $950.00! (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 20787 SPRINGFIELD RESEARCH SERVICE- SERIAL NUMBERS OF U.S. MARTIAL ARMS- COMPLETE SET OF FOUR VOLUMES - Published by Frank Mallory, the tireless researcher who ran SRS until shortly before his death in January, 2004, these are the listings of all the serial numbers he found in his extensive research in the National Archive. These are divided into 80 different model categories, (trapdoor, Krag, M1903, M1, M1 Carbine, M1917, Automatic Pistols, Colt Percussion, Colt SAA, Colt .38 Double Action, Colt .45 Double Action, Winchesters, many types of Civil War handguns and carbines, etc.) Within each category, the numbers are in numerical order, along with additional model info (if any- such as NM, NRA sporter, Sniper, 1903A1, 1903A4, etc for the M1903 listing) the date of the information and brief note on the usage- usually a specific unit, but it varies with the individual item. Also listed are guns sold through the DCM program (up until about 1942). This information was published incrementally as it was discovered in the archives, with 103 pages in 1983’s Volume 1; 209 pages in 1986’s Volume 2; 199 pages in 1990’s Volume 3 and 310 pages in the final Volume 4 in 1995, giving a total of about 820 pages. Each volume is new data (except for a few from Volume 2 which appeared again in Volume 3), so you need to check all four volumes to see if any information was found. Note that these ONLY list serial number for which information was found in the National Archives, roughly 5% of any give category, sometimes more, sometimes less, and chances of finding a specific gun are about 1 in 20. Note also that some of the data has been superseded by later (and unpublished) research, but for 99% of the numbers listed, this is good solid info. For several years SRS had this information posted on line, but misuse and misinterpretation by some people led to the SRS management decision to remove it from the internet. These four volumes have been out of print for many years, and while a loose volume sometimes turns up it is nearly impossible to find a complete set of all four volumes. The present SRS management has stated they will NOT reprint these, and want people to subscribe to their newsletter before they will check to see if a number is even listed. The only other set of these we had was sold 10 years ago, and we have no idea when or if we will ever get another. . They are highly valued (and priced) because if you find a “hit” that will probably increase the value of your gun considerably, especially if it was in a significant historical event. Previously owned, excellent condition $895.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 22246 BANNERMAN MODEL 1890 SPENCER PUMP ACTION 12 GA SHOTGUN - Serial number 6123 made about 1891 by Bannerman. These are most interesting guns, invented by Christopher M. Spencer, whose 1860 lever action carbine with a seven shot magazine in the butt was a major advance in Civil War cavalry arms. Spencer was a prolific inventor and went on to invent (with Sylvester Roper) the first repeating metallic cartridge (sorta) shotgun, a rotary magazine open bolt design. Then he invented an automatic screw making machine and formed Billings & Spencer to market that. Spencer, again working with Roper, came up with a revolutionary slide or pump action shotgun, the first of its kind to hit the market, patented in 1882 with production starting in 1883. These were made by the Spencer Repeating Arms Company in Windsor, CT. Innovation comes at a cost, and the price of the guns was a barrier to their success, with only about 3,000 guns sold between 1883 and 1889. In 1889 the company was unable to pay off Pratt and Whitney for the machinery they had purchased to make the guns, and defaulted to P&W. At this point, Francis Bannerman, the famous NYC surplus merchant stepped up and purchased Spencer’s debt from P&W, and immediately foreclosed on Spencer. In lieu of cash payment, Bannerman took ownership and possession of the entire Spencer gun operation- tooling, inventory, work in progress, patents, etc. Bannerman moved the machinery to NYC and began making Spencer shotguns there, marketing them under the Bannerman name. At first these were left over Spencer made guns, or assembled from parts in progress, but eventually made by Bannerman with slight modifications. Bannerman sold them as their Models 1890, 1896 and 1900 with minor design variations, selling about 18,000 by the time sales ended around 1902. Bannerman and Winchester engaged in legal battles over the use of a pump action, with Bannerman claiming the John M. Browning designed Model 1893 and 1897 shotguns infringed on the Spencer patents owned by Bannerman. Winchester eventually won in court and Bannerman quit the Spencer shotgun part of their business and stuck with surplus after that. C&Rsenal has a good writeup on these at https://candrsenal.com/spencer-model-1890/ This is an example of Bannerman’s Model 1890, basically the same as Spencer’s Model 1882, except for a longer hard rubber slide handle. Marked on the barrel SPENCER RPTG SHOT GUN PAT. APL 1882, with left side of receiver marked F. BANNERMAN. MNFR.NEW. YORK.U.S.A. / MODEL 1890. Serial number 6123 on the lower tang. Overall appearance is much better than most of the Bannerman Spencers, with no buggered screwheads or missing bits, and the buttstock not having any major cracks or repairs, and it even has the intact original hard rubber buttplate. The hard rubber slide handle is all there, but with a crack (as this is the first thing to break on these). The dovetail base in the barrel that receives the magazine tube screw is boogered and poorly brazed, another frequent failure point. The upper tang is broken (and poorly brazed) at the rear screw location. Walnut butt is checkered, although worn with some dings from honest field use. Mechanically, the action cycles smoothly in the usual somewhat clunky manner, needing a good cleaning and lubrication, but nothing will make it as slick as modern pumps. The hammer will cock from cycling the actin or manually (that is what the “front trigger” is for), but then slips and falls, probably a notch or sear notch problem, or maybe just filled with crud. The 30 inch barrel has a nice laminated pattern, which is probably acid etched, not real Damascus twist. Receiver is smooth mostly dull gray with sharp markings and traces of the faux case colors. The action cover plates and their screws are intact and not boogered. Barrel is mostly dull steel gray with a bit of patina here and there. Bore is dirty but should clean to VG. An above average representative example of a very historic and interesting firearm, despite the problems noted. $695.00 (View Picture)

20798 RARE U.S. MODEL 1882 CHAFFEE REECE BOLT ACTION MAGAZINE RIFLE (RESTORATION PROJECT) - (Serial number- none) One of only 753 made at Springfield in 1884 for one of the interminable trials seeking a suitable repeating rifle. This rifle was tested against the Remington Lee, and the Winchester Hotchkiss bolt action repeaters, and perhaps a few others. In any case, the field results were mixed, and provided sufficient excuses to adopt none of them and to remain with the trusty, economical, and thrifty on ammunition “trapdoor” design pending a major breakthrough in rifle or ammunition design. The 1884 field trials resulted in generally negative reviews for the Chaffee-Reece. 95 reports were received from the field, with only 14 ranking the Chaffee-Reece as superior to the current Trapdoor system or the other 2 magazine rifles then being tested. The rifles saw service with elements of US 8th, 9th, 14th, 15th , 19th, 23rd & 25th Infantry, as well as the 1st US Artillery. Although some of the reports lauded the magazine system of the rifle and some commended its accuracy, most reports were not positive. The primary complaint was that the butt magazine system weakened the stock significantly and made it susceptible to breakage. Other complaints revolved around the difficulty to keep the gun clean (making the bolt difficult to open and close), the heavy trigger pull (making accurate shooting difficult), the difficulty in performing the manual of arms with the rifle, and the poor performance with reloaded ammunition in the guns. By the end of the first quarter of 1886, the Chaffee-Reece rifles were replaced by M1884 Trapdoor rifles. Ultimately the Krag was adopted to bring the Army into the bolt action magazine rifle era, but the Chaffee-Reece were the FIRST bolt action repeating rifles to be completely made at Springfield. A very important milestone in U.S. military rifle evolution, and a scarce rifle missing from all but advanced collections. (Some of the Winchester Hotchkiss rifles were assembled at Springfield, using a mix of Winchester and Springfield parts.) The Chaffee-Reece did not use a coiled spring to advance cartridges, pushing the nose of the bullets against the primers of the next cartridge, thought to be a safety issue at the time. Instead, the buttstock magazine used two two sawtooth rails in the magazine track, with operation of the bolt advancing the cartridges one step each time the bolt is operated. A selector switch on the right side of the receiver ring engaged or disengaged the ratchet rails, acting as a magazine cutoff. These rails were the weak point of the design, and became broken and are missing in most of the these rifles today, including this one. I have only seen a handful of these for sale over the years. Excellent bore. This is a handsome example with about 98% blue finish remaining on the barrel with one scrape near the band. Blue has mostly worn off the trigger guard. The color case hardened finish on the receiver has faded, and that on the buttplate worn and now there is some rust on the heel. Walnut stock with old oil finish has never been sanded, and has sharp SWP/1884 cartouche near the buttplate (instead of near the action area where the stock was fragile). Good circle P. Barrel has sharp V/P/eagle head. Rear sight is the correct C-R marked with slotless screws. Top of the receiver rail is marked “U.S.- SPRINGFIELD.- 1884.” The walnut stock has assorted mostly very minor dings and bruises of a 140 year old martial arm, and a small chipped area by the selector lever on the right side of the receiver ring. Bubba chopped off the forend ahead of the lower band, and neatly filled the bandspring notch and cleaning rod hole. The forend on these is a bit different than a trapdoor, so you will need to make one from scratch. The upper band, ramrod stop and forend tip are standard trapdoor parts, and the cleaning rod is the same except just a bit shorter. The rarity of this model, and the high condition make this a restoration project that deserves to be finished up, even with the magazine track problem common to most of them. Waiting for an equally nice example with the magazine guts may mean a very long wait indeed. Antique, no FFL needed. $2495.00 (View Picture)

21634 RARE! U.S. MODEL 1884 EXPERIMENTAL ROUND ROD BAYONET .45-70 TRAPDOOR UPDATED TO M1888 CONFIGURATION- NICE - Serial number 320076. In 1884 Springfield made 1,000 .45-70 trapdoors with experimental round rod bayonets. Trials in 1881 with a triangular rod bayonet were a failure and this was a new attempt to come up with an alternative to the triangular socket bayonet and reduce the soldier’s load by the weight of the bayonet and scabbard. The latch is flat on the bottom, often called the "flat latch” model to distinguish it from the later 1888 which had a finger wrapped around at the ends of the latch to better grip the bayonet in the stowed or fixed position. The 1884 Flat Latch system was also a failure and after troop trials most were withdrawn from service, and rifles continued to be made with socket bayonets until the 1888 was adopted. Circa 1889-1891 many of the M1884 trials rifles were rebuilt to M1888 configuration, and as a result unmodified M1884 trials rifles are extremely scarce, and probably less than 50 survive. If one turns up the price starts about $5,000 or higher. This one is in the middle of the M1884 serial number range. It retains the two piece trigger guard, not the single piece used on the M1888. It has two distinct circle P firing proofs below the trigger guard tang. The left stock flat has a SWP/1891 cartouche located directly below the rear lock screw, and I have seen another one of the M1884/1888 updated rifles with an 1889 cartouche in the same location, and the double circle Ps. Normally, trapdoor cartouches are located towards the butt from the rear lock screw, not underneath it. The stock were arsenal modified to trim off the weak edges of the rod channel, and to fit the slightly longer cap on the bayonet base. It is likely that the stock was lightly scraped and refinished at the time of conversion, removing the 1884 cartouche, but leaving the first circle P. Metal parts retain about 80-90% thinning blue from time of conversion. About 95% color case hardening on the breechblock. Stock has original oil finish, and just a few assorted ding of an issued martial arm. Small chip along the left side the breech tang. Brass tack with number 9 just behind the trigger guard tang, but source or meaning unknown. Bore is excellent- sharp and bright. Since unmodified M1884 experimental bayonet rifles are out of reach for most collectors, this M1884/1889 updated will have to suffice, but is a lot more affordable. ANTIQUE, NO FFL needed. $2150.00 (View Picture)

20873 U.S. LINE THROWING GUN- KILGORE MODEL GR-52 - Serial number 617 with USCG approval 160/040/4/0 as marked on the frame. Theoretically, the approval number should allow dating these to within a five year period corresponding with the date of USCG approval under section section 160.040 covering life saving appliances. However, no complete list has been found of all approvals, so with only a few scattered examples the best I can do is estimate that this was circa 1960s-1980s, but I believe the basic model dates to 1952. This is a “Schermuly” type life saving line throwing gun which uses a small pistol type launcher firing a stubby “impulse-ignition cartridge.” Before firing, a rocket motor with an attached wire frame sticking back for attachment of the “line” is inserted in the muzzle. When fired, the impulse ignition cartridge flash ignites the rocket motor and kicks the rocket out on its way. The basic concept was invented by Richard Schermuly, a British seaman and inventor around the beginning of the 20th century. However, despite its simplicity, low cost, and effectives (so easy a young child could use it) the concept was not adopted until 1929 by the International Conference for Saving of Life at Sea Treaty (SOLAS). Multiple types of line throwing devices have been invented over the years since 1807 when George Manby came up with a mortar for the purpose of line throwing, followed by David Lyle’s cannons in the 1870s and shoulder fired guns by Ingersoll, Coston and others in the 1880s and later. Ships still carry line throwers in various configuration, and they are also widely used by firefighters. Today most ships have switched to Schermuly type rockets, but fired from a single-use plastic canister which is not subject to regulation as a “firearm” by gun-phobic foreign governments. As life saving devices, with the bore obstructed by small projections to prevent firing of projectiles but not interfering with the launching of the line throwing rocket, the Kilgore GR-52 is not considered a firearm and no FFL is needed to purchase. Overall fine to excellent outside with most of the gloss black paint finish remaining. The bore has corrosion from firing and poor cleaning, or maybe just exposure to salt air for extended periods. I discovered that it is missing the extractor, but since no one has the impulse cartridges or rockets any more who cares. These have a handle on the top of the barrel to help hold it when firing, not so much for the very limited recoil, but because the gun with rocket inserted is heavy and you want it under good control when on a heaving deck of a ship in distress. I have done a lot of research on various line throwing guns, and would be happy to share a copy upon request, or will try to post it on our other site, ArmsCollectors.com, and it will eventually be posted at http://ASOAC.org for whom it was written and first published. Price for Kilgore GR-52 line throwing pistol and one fired case is $265.00 (View Picture)

22747 SHARPS & HANKINS MODEL 1862 CIVIL WAR NAVY CARBINE (WITH PARTIAL LEATHER COVER) - Serial number 6037. Nominally a .52 caliber gun, these were made for the “Number 56 Sharps & Hankins rimfire cartridge” although later production reportedly slightly altered the chambers to us Spencer ammunition. This ingenious design was from Christian Sharps, the inventor of the famous “Sharps” rifles. This carbine, patented in 1859 shares the same concept with the cute little four barrel derringers, with the barrel sliding forward on receiver rails to allow loading from the breech, then being slid back into position and locked for firing. The Navy ordered some 6,686 of these carbines in 1862 and they served throughout the Civil War and for a number of years after, until replaced by the Remington rolling blocks. The Navy version included a leather cover over the barrel, missing on about 80% of the guns we have seen. Theoretically, the leather would protect the barrel from salt water exposure, but in reality it seems to have collected the salt under the leather, rotting the leather and pitting the metal. The leather was sewn into a tube type shape to slip over the barrel, and then secured in place by a steel band around the barrel at the muzzle and two screws at the breech end of the barrel. Cover is in generally ratty condition, with about 60-70% remaining,but a section about 1” long missing at the muzzle end and about 5” from the rear (everything between the rear sight and the breech) and another palm size chunk near where you naturally grab the barrel. A clever design feature is the safety which is a flat strip along the left side of the frame by the hammer. When the hammer is at half cock, the safety can be pushed up, and will block the hammer from fully striking the firing pin. When the hammer is fully cocked it automatically disengages the safety. Firing pin is a floating design secured by a screw and either has the tip broke off or is missing, but should be a simple part to turn on a lather or even a drill. Bore is rifled with six grooves, dark and rough, but it’s not like anyone has any ammo to shoot in these anyway, and it may (or may not) clean up. Walnut buttstock with mellow old oil finish has some assorted dings and scars of an issued martial arm. Metal parts were case hardened when made and now are basically a dull steel gray mixed with thin patina in places and showing signs of a gentle cleaning long ago. No real rust or pitting anywhere. Good mechanics, including the often broken catch for the lever. A good representative example of a clever Civil War carbine, and one of Christian Sharps least known inventions. Wish the leather were nicer, but having even this much is better than most of these. Antique, no FFL needed. $1095.00 (View Picture)

10100 U.S. MODEL 1877- 1879 TRANSITION .45-70 TRAPDOOR RIFLE- SUPER NICE! - Serial number 99674 with sharp SWP/1878 in oval cartouche. Bore is about perfect, bright and sharp. About 90% brilliant color case hardening on the breechblock and barrel tang. About 90-95% original blue on remaining parts with most on the barrel and receiver, and less on the buttplate, the typical wear patterns. Unsanded stock with a few minor storage and handling blemishes and old oil finish. Springfield Armory never used the “Model 1877” designation for rifles, only carbines, but collectors have applied it to the guns made in 1877-78 as a series of changes were made from the original Model 1873 design. These include the long comb-short wrist stock, wider receiver with long gas escape cuts, rounded notch for the rounded nose of the wider low arch breech block and blade type front sight. Most of these were completed in 1878, and the next changes were changes to the rear sight to add a “buckhorn” on the sliding elevation bar with three minor variations made during 1879. As usual, military arms in service had such things as sights were frequently updated to the latest configuration and this rifle had the Model 1879 buckhorn sight (third type) installed during its period of service. Springfield never used a Model 1879 designation but collectors do for rifles with the M1879 rear sight installed. So, this rifle could be referred to as a Model 1877 with updated rear sight or 1877-1879 transition or a Model 1879. We will just call it a really great example of the trapdoor rifle and you can call it whatever you like. There is no documented history on this number, but it is representative example of the rifle used by the Regular Army in the Indian Wars and by the volunteer units during the Spanish American War and Philippine Insurrection. A previous owner very slightly rounded the edge of the stock shoulder behind the lower band, not a big deal, but we wanted to point that out so there will not be any surprises. This comes with a slightly later circa 1885-1890 leather sling for trapdoors with the thick claws which looks good. However, the leather on the sling has broken and cannot be used, but still looks okay for display. Someone clever with leather work can probably figure a way to stabilize or repair it. A really handsome example with fantastic bore! There are a lot of Model 1884 rifle in excellent condition but nice examples of the Model 1877 or 1879 rifles are much harder to find. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $1450.00 (View Picture)

16083 U.S. MODEL 1840 FLINTLOCK .69 CALIBER SMOOTHBORE MUSKET MADE BY NIPPES- ORIGINAL FLINT! - The Model 1840 was the last flintlock smoothbore musket made for the U.S. Army, the direct descendant of the old French Charlevilles. The pattern arms were made in 1835 but production did not start until 1840, so sometimes you will see these referred to as Model 1835 or 1835/1840. Production quickly stopped at Springfield, after the Model 1842 percussion musket model was adopted. Production lingered on for a few more years and the two civilian contractors finished up their production by 1848. Original flintlock M1840 muskets are nearly impossible to find, and even the percussion conversions are scarce compared to the ubiquitous Model 1816s. Springfield Armory only made about 30,241 (circa 1840-43), Nippes made 5,100 (circa 1842-1848), and Pomeroy made another 7,000 (circa 1840-1846). See Flayderman 9A-258 through 9A-263. This one was made by Nippes in Philadephia in 1845 with matching dates on the lock and barrel. This is one of the very few that escaped conversion to percussion (but sadly did not escape other molestation). Most likely this was used in the Civil War by Union or Confederate soldiers and was possibly taken home by one (with or without permission to go home and/or take a musket), or maybe picked up off a battlefield. Or possibly it served honorably and ended up among the vast quantities of Civil War surplus arms later sold by Bannerman. At some point in civilian hands the mutilations began. The muzzle of the barrel was cut back an inch and a half, getting rid of the bayonet stud, and leaving the barrel 40.5 inches long instead of the original 42 inches. I suspect that the owner was an exceptionally tall man as they neatly added a walnut extension on the butt to make the butt about 1.5” longer and trimmed the nose of the comb down a bit. The stock was once cracked along the grain between the lock and lower band, but this was very neatly repaired and not noticeable from the outside, but when the barrel is removed you can see some of the epoxy material in the barrel channel. The barrel is original flint with only the flint flash hole, never any nipple added. The lockplate retains the original brass pan and frizzen spring and the screws for the hammer, frizzen and frizzen spring. The frizzen fits pretty well but is probably a replacement of some sort. The hammer is a U.S. M1816 hammer which is a loose fit on the tumbler but looks okay. The brass pan has some sort of iron filler piece installed secured by a rivet through the bottom of the pan but the reason for this is a mystery to me. The changes to the lock were probably done to keep the gun functioning for killing hogs, hunting critters or for protection against biped or quadraped predators. Since the barrel has been cut and the butt extended, the changes to the lock might be best to ignore and leave everything alone as part of the history of the gun. Good quality reproduction M1840 hammers and frizzens are available if you want to install them to get back closer to original. Overall condition is GOOD (as modified). Metal parts have a smooth mellow brown patina with some heavier rust or light pitting around the breech end of the barrel, but little or no pitting elsewhere except at the Nippes marking n the center of the lockplate. The metal parts could easily be cleaned bright again if you want to do that. A good machinist could take a piece of .69 musket barrel and make an extension with a slight overlapping or telescope braze joint to stretch the barrel back to the original length. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $895.00 (View Picture)

14630 SCARCE SWEDISH MODEL 1867 ROLLING BLOCK RIFLE MADE BY REMINGTON IN 1867- WITH BAYONET! - Serial number 3701, matching on left side of the receiver, butt stock and buttplate, with the 1867 date of manufacture on the right side of the barrel, receiver and butt. Additional number 6538 stamped on left barrel flat. This is one of the most desirable of all the Swedish M1867 rolling blocks as it is one of the original 10,000 made by Remington in Ilion. Remington also provided 20,000 actions, and licensed the Swedes to make rifles in Sweden, selling them tooling and jigs for the purpose, along with American made production machinery. This tooling ended up as the basis for Carl Gustafs Stad Gevarsfaktori and other arms making plants, and eventually they turned out some 100,000 rolling block rifles and at least 4.000 carbines. In addition, Norway ended up making about 53,000 M1867 rifles at the Norwegian arsenal at Kongsberg, and buying 5,000 from Husqvarna in Sweden. These are historically significant arms, from a period when Sweden and Norway were unified to a some extent. They jointly adopted the Remington rolling block system in 1867. The Swedes had a bunch of muzzle loading rifles they intended to convert to breechloaders, so they chose a 12.17mm cartridge with the same bore diameter as the muzzle loaders, converting those using actions provided by Remington, or made in Sweden under license. Depending on the original model those became "gevär m/1860-68", "gevär m/1864-68" or "gevär m/1860-64-68." The M1867 rifles remained in Swedish service until replaced by the Model 1894/1896 Mauser carbines and rifles. Originally made in 12.17x44mm rimfire (comparable to, but not identical with the .50-70 case), some of the M1867s were converted to 12.17x44mmR centerfire starting in 1874 (Model 1867-74). In 1884 the Norwegians adopted 10.15x61mmR Jarmann rifles, but the Swedes declined. In 1889 Sweden modernized some their rolling blocks using new barrels in 8x58mmR Danish Krag caliber. (Not part of the Sweden-Norway union but strongly tied to them, Denmark also adopted a Model 1867 rolling block, but chambered for a 11.35mm rimfire cartridge, replacing these with the Danish 8mm Krag rifle in 1889, while Norway adopted a 6.5mm Krag in 1894. As you can see, the Scandinavian weapons history is a bit of a tangled story, but it would be an interesting and not too expensive collecting niche.) Overall condition of this Remington made Swedish Model 1867 rifle is about fine, with traces of case colors on the receiver, and about 80% thinning original blue on the barrel. The American walnut stocks show assorted mostly minor dings and scars of an issued service arm. The wood is a little dry and some appropriate treatment would improve the appearance. Excellent bore. Note that this comes with the correct Model 1867 Swedish socket bayonet, with most of its blue finish, going nicely with the rifle. These rifles were made with a lug on the side of the barrel so that they could be issued with either the socket bayonet or a sword bayonet. A very nice example of the scarce early Remington made Swedish rifle, not the more common Swedish made guns. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $1350.00 (View Picture)

**STOLEN BY PERSON IN PORTLAND, OR AREA, or possibly a long haul trucker. $500 reward for return of this item or information leading to arrest and conviction of the thief, who got several other antique arms from other dealers by credit card fraud... $100 reward if you are first to spot this on an auction site.** 12036 U.S. MODEL 1863 TYPE II .58 CALIBER RIFLE MUSKET - Made at Springfield in 1864 and so marked on the lockplate. Barrel date not visible. Excellent bore. This is a good representative example of a .58 caliber Civil War musket, although not in the best condition. Basically a "brown gun" except for the trigger guard which has about 90-95% arsenal blue and must have been taken from a trapdoor (parts are identical except for being left bright on the M1855-1870 and blued on the M1873-1888 trapdoors. Otherwise all original and correct parts. Stock has been broken through he wrist and repaired long ago, but is not real tight and should be redone with epoxy which will make it stronger than the original wood. The stock has been sanded, but not badly. Metal parts (except trigger guard) mostly have a layer of brown patina/rust, with some light pitting under some areas, most notably around the nipple. Displays okay as is, or could be polished up with 320 emery cloth if you prefer the original bright look. The M1863 (type 2) which is sometimes called the M1864, was the highpoint in the development of the rifle musket for Infantry use, and the next year was replaced by the first of the Allin breechloding "trapdoors." The M1863 (Type 2) differed from the M1863 only in having the rounded bands retained by band springs instead of merely screw clamps. The M1863 differed from the M1861 which had flat bands retained by bandsprings, and the nipple bolster set out a bit further and having a clean out screw instead of an angled flash hole, and used a "swell" in the ramrod to hold it in place instead of a screw plate. All the .58 rifle muskets fired a 500 grain (little over 1 ounce) soft lead Minie ball with a hollow base. When the 60 grains of black powder was ignited by the flash from the percussion cap, the expanding gasses expanded the rear of the Minie ball to engage the rifling. Sights are provided for 100, 300 and 500 yards, but masses of troops could be engaged at ranges up to 1,000 yards. With a rate of fire of about 3 rounds per minute, and its long range, the .58 caliber rifle muskets forced dramatic changes in tactics from the massed formations used for the preceding several hundred years. Many collectors have a musket from the Civil War as a logical starting point for a collection of "modern" military rifles. This one comes with a good quality reproduction sling. Civil War muskets are getting more expensive but this one is affordable (due to the flaws) and has the potential to be much nicer after the stock has been repaired properly. $995.00 (View Picture)


Non-Military Antique American Longarms (Kentucky Rifles, pre-1898 Winchesters, etc)

**NEW ADDITION** 22119 POWDER HORNS FOR MUZZLE LOADERS -
22119A- About 10.5 inch length, probably dates to circa 1800-1850 with handmade nails holding the plug in place, and a bit of lather from a long gone carrying strap. Has lovely old mellow yellow/brown patina. Not a masterpiece of the hornworker’s art, but likely a frontier made item, Wooden plug looks like pine. Two dark streaks on the bottom are cracks but still tight. Comes with old hand carved wooden pet. Great to go with any muzzle loader from Colonial times up to about 1850 when manufactured flasks pretty much replaced them. $45.00 (View Picture)
22119B- A nice medium size horn, about 8” long, scraped thin to be translucent so you can see how much powder remains. Old iron screw eye on the slightly domed plug for one end of the strap. Other end would be stopped by the raised ring carved around the other end. My guess is about 1830-1850 date, but may be newer. Has a nice mellow patina. Comes with hand carved ped to close the spout. Great for display with any muzzle loader from Colonial times to circa 1850. $35.00 (View Picture)
22119C- A cut little horn about 7.5” long, heated and pressed to be a more oval shape and scraped thin to be translucent to see how much powder remains. End plug is walnut, with a nicely carved buck deer, secured with brass screws. The end spout is a separate piece of darker horn, nicely carved, secured by brass screws. This one is probably a 20th century creation for a modern black powder shooter. $29.00 $75.00 (View Picture)

22256 LARGE AMERICAN PERCUSSION FOWLING PIECE CIRCA 1830 - This is the type generally called a “club butt” which has a much larger than usual butt stock and often more extreme drop to the butt, as was originally found on Dutch arms brought to the new world by Dutch settlers in the Hudson River valley. Overall length is 60 inches This has a 42 inches long .78 caliber barrel with remnants of the bands at the breech found on Brown Bess style muskets, and what look like English proof marks and the letters I.W. usually associated with James Wilson, a prolific British gun maker. There is a brass blade type front sight but no signs of a bayonet lug. The underside of the barrel has an iron rib soldered to it, with one ramrod pipe. The pipe holds a brass tube which extends full length of the rib, and houses an improvised iron ramrod which is too short for use, but is probably a later owner’s replacement for one that got lost or appropriated for more important uses. The rod looks good for decorative use, or could be replaced with a wooden rod by removing the brass tube. There is a large “76” engraved on the top of the breech, but the meaning is uncertain. It is (remotely) possible it indicates use by the 76th Regiment of Foot, MacDonald’s Highlanders which served in America 1779-1784 including the Charleston campaign and finally surrendering at Yorktown. The brass trigger guard, ramrod entry pipe and buttplate are all British Second Model (Short Land pattern) Brown Bess style furniture circa 1740-1790, likely salvaged from a Revolutionary War British musket. Since there were numerous campaigns and battles in the Hudson River valley or adjacent areas, it is reasonable to find them on a gun made in that area. The lock was made as a percussion lock, probably in England, with modest decorative engraving marked “MELCHIOR- WARRANTED.” It is likely that the barrel and furniture had originally be assembled into a fowler circa 1790-1810 as a flintlock, but probably was broken or damaged and the parts used again with a new-fangled percussion lock circa 1830 resulting in the gun as it is today. Overall condition is as shown in the photos- well used, trigger guard broken at the screw hole, and lock needs tinkering, but still an impressive old gun to hang on the wall, especially in an old house circa 1800-1850. Due to length and weight, shipping will have to be $65.00. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $395.00 (View Picture)



Foreign Antique Longarms (Military and non-military)

**NEW ADDITION** SMOF7136 - FRENCH MODEL 1874 GRAS RIFLE (11 x 59mmR) MADE AT ST. ETIENNE IN 1877
Serial number L57956, matching, made at the French arsenal at St. Etienne in 1877. This was made as a Model 1874 Gras rifle using metallic center fire cartridges. In reality the design was little more than the old needle-fire Chassepot with a conventional firing pin, extractor and modified chamber for the cartridge. This one has the Model 1880 modifications to the bolt head and gas escape, so M80 is marked on the left of the receiver. The Gras saw service throughout the French empire, as it slowly contracted from its Napoleonic greatness to a feeble cluster of mismanaged outposts. The Gras was also used by Greece, Chile and Colombia, so it would fit into collections of South American rifles as well as French arms. Like most older French military arms, this is in lackluster condition, with most of the metal finish turned plum, with light pitting on the action and some of the barrel. The stock was refinished long ago, and it looks like “IV” was painted or scratched in on the left side of the butt and “1 2” over a flaming bomb on the right side. The stock has an unrepaired old crack extending back from the rear of the trigger guard tang into the butt. Bore is good to very good, with strong rifling, mostly bright but lots of small clumps of crud which will probably clean out okay. This has the oddball extra long range sight graduated to 1800 meters with two flip up sight leaves sandwiched together. You use the lower “V” notch for ranges out to 1200 meters and the upper out to 1800 meters. Missing the cleaning rod, like most of these. A decent, inexpensive, representative example of this interesting design showing one widely used early breechloading system that was a competitor with the trapdoor, Martini, Berdan, and Snider systems. These take an oddball, long “T” back bayonet with brass and wood handle- check our edged weapons page for those. An inexpensive 140+ year old rifle. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $395 .00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** SMOF7129 ARGENTINE MODEL 1879 ROLLLING BLOCK RIFLE BY REMINGTON in .43 SPANISH CALIBER (11.15 x 58mmR) - Serial number (none). Remington delivered 20,000 "rolling block" rifles and 5,000 carbines to Argentina on an 1879 contract. These were simple, reliable arms and more than a million "rolling blocks" in various configurations were sold to dozens of countries around the world between 1865 and about 1915 in many different calibers. The Argentine rifles were made by Remington in their Ilion, New York, factory, but some other countries made guns under license from Remington (Sweden, Norway and Spain, among others). Unlike most of the other rolling blocks Remington made, these have an octagonal section at the rear of the barrel. The top flat is marked “Modelo Argentino 1879 E.N. [Ejercito Nacional]” (Argentina Model 1879, National Army). The 36 inch barrel has an excellent bore, bright and sharp. Good mechanics. This is one of the few we have encountered with original finish, as most were arsenal refinished prior to importation. This has a thin layer of dried dirt and grease and maybe some surface rust and tobacco smoke residue, but should clean up quite a bit to reveal about 90% original blue probably turning plum, Receiver finish is thin and worn more. The edge and thumb piece of the rolling block has some rust and pitting. Walnut stocks dirty with a few assorted dings and bruises. Overall, this will look a lot better with a good cleaning. These were made to take a sword bayonet with an 18.5 inch blade, nearly identical to the Chassepot bayonets but the blade is a bit less curved. This is an important piece for a collection of South American military rifles, and was the Argentine arm used before adoption of the Model 1891 Argentine Mauser. Many other South American countries (as well as Spain in their colonial role) also used Remington rolling block rifles similar to this one. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $695.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** SMOF7127 - REMINGTON MODEL 1868 ROLLING BLOCK RIFLE MADE FOR EGYPT (.43 Egyptian caliber 11.43 x 50mmR) - Serial number- None. In 1868 a large order was placed with Remington by the Egyptian Government for the No. 1 Remington Military Rifle to be chambered in the ".43 Egyptian" cartridge. Nations at that time considering it a matter of national prestige to field arms with proprietary cartridges. Before the order could be delivered, Egypt (which had had close ties with the French since the Napoleonic excursions and the building of the Suez canal), "defaulted" so that a large part of the order could be sold to France as she was greatly underarmed during the Franco-Prussion War of 1870-71. It is estimated that some 13,000 such rifles were delivered to France at that time. However, the original order was refilled and by 1876 the last of some 60,000 rifles were delivered to Egypt. These were then used by various units ending up with the Egyptian Police, and none of them took very good care of their arms, and camels may have liked them as chew toys because they are almost always found in horrible condition. This one is actually a bit nicer (or less horrible) than most ot them. The bore has strong rifling and only light pitting. The .43 Egyptian ammo is almost never seen. It is similar to the .43 Spanish, but the Egyptian round has the shoulder set back a bit closer to the base, so they are not interchangeable.) Firing pin and extractor and a band screw are missing, but you have to be looking for them to note the absence. Cleaning rod is present, but bent some. Lots of Arabic markings as shown in the photos. An inexpensive “old gun” suitable for wall hanger, or as an example of how far away Remington Rolling blocks got used. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $325 .00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** SMOF7108 - SWISS VETTERLI MODEL 1878/81 .41 RIMFIRE (10.38 x 38mmR) BOLT ACTION RIFLE (Repetier-Gewehr 1878/81) - Serial number 194336 made at the Swiss Arsenal at Bern. Receiver marked “[cross]Waffenfabrik/Bern/194336/M.78" with matching numbers on other parts. Excellent medium brown color walnut stock with good cartouches and nice old oil finish with only a couple tiny storage bruises. Metal parts with about 95% blue finish on the barrel, and 85-90% on the action where is is turning plum or having some patina and it needs a good cleaning. This is the standard Swiss Infantry rifle, a bolt action tubular magazine (12 round) repeating rifle from the period when we were still fussing with single shot flopdoor fusils. Admittedly the .45-70 cartridge was good for long ranges, while the .41 rimfire was a pretty puny load. Bore in the 33 inch barrel is sharp and mirror bright except for a couple of small spots which I think will clean out, just in case you find a good deal on .41 Swiss rimfire ammo. The overall workmanship reflects the legendary Swiss precision workmanship. The Swiss Vetterli’s first appeared about 1866, and continued in service until the 1889 Schmidt Rubin straight pull was adopted. The Model 1878 was sort of the high point of the Vetterli series, and the 1878/81 reflects a new rear sight design and use of steel for some parts previously made of iron. This has the upper band with a stud on right side for sword bayonet, but these could also use a socket bayonet with a cruciform blade. Missing the cleaning rod, which is common with these rifles. These were made between 1881 and 1889. A good solid example of an important milestone in small arms development, now nearly 140 years old. Antique, no FFL needed. $495.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7139 - AUSTRIAN MODEL 1867/1877) WERNDL INFANTRY RIFLE (aka Werndl-Holub) - Serial number (none).  This is the rifle that got the famous maker Steyr started.  Steyr would be an interesting collecting specialty as the made rifles not just for Austro-Hungary but many other countries as well.  For a great biography of Josef Werndl, and his work with Kropatshek, Mannlicher and other important arms designers, see http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/biog/werndl.htm and for the best historical info on Austrian and Hungarian arms see http://www.hungariae.com/index.htm

After seeing the obvious superiority of the Prussian Dreyese Needle guns, Austria decided to adopt a small calibre metallic cartridge breech loader.  The Austrians knew that the Wanzl conversion of the M1854 Lorenz was a stopgap at best and they engaged in extensive trials to adopt a successor. The Werndl was mainly the invention of Karel Holub and Josef Werndl was to be the manufacturer.   Final trials at the Vienna Arsenal in 1867 were between the American designed Remington Rolling Block and the locally developed Werndl.  The King chose the Werndl.   The Werndl is a very simple design to make, or use, with a conventional lock and hammer, using a unique rotary breech block with a trough cut in it for loading and extraction. Rotating the thumb piece about 120 degrees closes the breech and brings the firing pin into alignment.  Turning it back opens the breech and extracts the fired case.

The model 1867 rifles were made for 11.15 x42mm Rimmed cartridges, but cartridge development continued and in 1877 an improved 11.15 x 58mm Rimmed cartridge was adopted and older rifles rechambered to use it, making this rifle a Model 1867/1877.  The same cartridge went on to be used in the Kropatschek and Mannlicher rifles.  Also in 1877, the Werndl was redesigned so the hammer was on the inside of the lock.   Both types of Werndl rifles continued in service as late as WW1 with secondary forces. 

Only the very earliest rifles (1868-1869) were marked WERNDL, as Josef Werndl expanded his business in August 1869 becoming the famous “Österreichische Waffenfabrik AG" (OEWG) Steyr. 
Interestingly, during WW1 Bannerman actually sold some surplus Werndl rifles from for use by the home guard unit in Verdigre, Nebraska.

This is a very nice early WERNDL marked rifle made in 1868 by the lockplate date.  The Austrians omitted the “1” from the year so it reads “868” and it was accepted by the government inspectors at Steyr in 1869 according to the barrel markings.  Good mechanics.  Original bright finish has faded to a smooth brown patina.   Unit marks on the buttplate tang.   Stock was refinished long ago and has a mellow brown tone with assorted dings of an issued martial arm.  The action tang screw is probably a replacement and the cleaning rod is an incorrect replacement, otherwise a nice complete and correct example of the unique Werndl rotary action rifle, and first of the Steyr made arms.  Check the edged weapons page for a bayonet of this model.  ANTIQUE, no FFL needed.  $775.00 (View Picture)


SMOF7109 - ITALIAN M1870/87/16 VETTERLI-VITALLI 6.5MM RIFLE - Serial number MR2614 made in 1883 at Brescia, (one of four Italian state run arsenals).  This is one of the better looking examples of this model we have seen lately (although a cynic would note that the competition is not keen).  Originally made as a single shot Vetterli rifle firing the 10.35 x 47mm rimmed cartridge, the model 1870 rifles were altered from 1887 through 1896 to add a Vitalli type box magazine, much like the Dutch and their Beaumont-Vitalli rifles.  In WW1, shortages of arms led the Italians to further alter these rifles by lining the bore to use the 6.5x52mm Carcano centerfire cartridge and replacing the magazine with a Mannlicher type magazine.  This conversion was only marginally safe for the old black powder loads, and they were generally issued to expendable second line troops, or colonial infantrymen.  Some of the rifles served with the Italian forces in North Africa in WW2, (notably defeated by Haille Selassie's spear wielding Ethiopian tribesmen).  WE CONSIDER THES UNSAFE TO SHOOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES AND SELL ONLY AS A COLLECTOR ITEM, NEVER TO BE FIRED!  Lug on side of barrel for sword/knife bayonet.   Barrel flats marked BRESCIA on one side and serial number MR2614 on the other.  Walnut stock has been lightly sanded in the past and now has an old oil finish.   Right side of the butt has illegible serial number, not matching the receiver.   Metal parts with about 95% of an old blue finish, probably from the last time these were placed into storage, and it makes the gun look nice.  Unlike very other example we have seen, THIS ONE HAS THE CLEANING ROD! Good mechanics.  Bore has strong rifling that looks smooth on the top of the lands, but the grooves are dark and rough- maybe just waiting for a good cleaning, but maybe as good as it will get.  The lower band is an incorrect replacement.  Unlike the later Mannlicher-Carcanos of WW2, these early Italian military rifles are not encountered very often.  A good representative example of this important early European military bolt action rifle.  Antique, no FFL needed $295.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7121 - DUTCH BEAUMONT-VITALLI MODEL 1871/1888 11 x 52mmR  RIFLE - Serial number Q534 matching on all parts that are numbered, except for mismatched cleaning rod.  (Rod may or may not be correct for this model, but pretty close.)  1878 manufacture date on barrel.  Somewhat legible cartouche on right side of butt with the royal cipher W, date 1878 and MAASTRICHT, location of the J. Stevens factory (unrelated to the American maker with similar name) where it was made. Walnut is plain grain and free from cracks or repairs.  Metal parts a dull steel gray or stained mixed with mellow old light brown patina which would look better with a good cleaning.  Bands and buttplate have some light roughness/pitting that an aggressive cleaning will get back to bright finish.  Buttplate marked 1891 (conversion date) over new style serial number 4774, which is also stamped on the left side of the barrel. These originally left the arsenals with a bright polished finish except for the magazine which was a blue-black finish.  These were made as single shot rifles, and then had the Vitalli magazines added in modifications after 1889.  These use an oddball 11x52mm rimmed cartridge you are unlikely to ever encounter, but are neat old rifles anyway, especially when you consider that the U.S. was still tinkering with single shot trapdoors while the Dutch Army had bolt action repeaters.  Bore is about excellent with just a few scattered light pits or tiny spots of roughness.  Check the edged weapons page for bayonets for this (there are two models and you do need them both, right?).   ANTIQUE, no FFL needed.  $525.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7115 - BRITISH .577 SNIDER MARK III BREECH LOADING SHORT RIFLE- AFGHAN/KHYBER PASS GUN -
Serial number 656 on bottom of the breech block.   This was a longer 3 band infantry rifle cut down to 2 band short rifle configuration by local craftsmen in the Khyber Pass region and brought back to the U.S. by a soldier who served in Afghanistan.   From 5 feet away it looks pretty good, but details detract as you get closer.   The short rifle barrel should be 30.5” with 5 groove rifling, but this is 30.75 with 3 grooves, although the bore is reasonably good.  The barrel lug for a sword bayonet is a crude hand made part.  The stock is probably adapted from a .577 musket, or maybe a different Mark Snider rifle, as the breech of the receiver rests about 3/32” forward of the wood inletting.   There are a couple of cracks in the stock behind the tang, under the lock and forward from the rear lock screw on the left side.  (It would be easy to apply some glass bedding epoxy in the receiver area to fix the gap.)  The trigger guard tang is broken at the forward screw with an old copper rivet repair   The inletting for the buttplate tang is poor, and filled with the “camel poop” often used in the Khyber Pass to remedy such unsightly issues.  THre is a replaced piece of wood at the toe of the stock.  Cleaning rod is from a Martini-Henry.  Web sling is British style, but some strange webbing with the metal ends crudely added using pieces from a tin can.    These Afghanistan/Khyber Pass souvenir rifles are good reminders that determined people can tie down foreign armies for decades and wait them out, as the England and Russia learned, and we are slowly learning.  ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. - $425.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7138 - PORTUGUESE MODEL 1886/89 STEYR KROPATSCHEK RIFLE Serial number H296. Made by Steyer in Austria in 1886. Marked on receiver OE.W.F.G. Steyer/ 1886, faint traces of crown over L.Io., and M.1886 due to old arsenal refinish. Receiver, barrel and stock all match with serial H296. Bolt mismatched D463. The Steyer Kropatschek is very similar to the German Mauser 1871/84 with a tubular magazine, but the details are slightly different throughout. Caliber is 8x60R Kropatschek, so you probably will not find any ammo. This example had the 1889 modification which added a handguard over the top of the barrel between the rear sight and the middle band, as shown by clearance cuts in the barrel channel for the clips to hold the handguard on. Handguard is missing (as with every oe of these we have ever seen), leaving this looking just like the original M1886 if you don`t spot the additional inletting for the clips. Stock is a nice medium brown walnut having been sanded long ago and picking up only a few tiny blemishes since then. There is a small crack on the left die of the wrist by the receiver tang, but it does not appear to affect strength much. About 60-70% thinning arsenal refinish blue on receiver and barrel, but the finish is mostly worn off the bands. Bolt and innards of action are nice and bright. Bore is about VG, dark in the grooves but may clean up some. Complete with the nearly always missing cleaning rod. This also has an old sling which may or may not be correct, but it is FREE with the rifle. Overall nice condition, a bit better than these are usually found. The 1886/89 model reportedly was sent to colonial outposts to minimize heat wave interference with the sight picture. Portugal had significant colonial holdings in Africa and Asia until early in the 20th century. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $495.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7116 – SCARCE BELGIAN MODEL 1870 COMBLAIN SINGLE SHOT RIFLE WITH BRONZE RECEIVER - Serial number 3706 matching.   There are several different models of Comblain arms, mostly used by Belgium, but some by Brazil or Chile.  The terminology is confusing and inconsistent on collector or dealer sites.  The best information seems to be on the website “Het Belgische Leger 183-1914” in one of the Belgian dialects, but fairly easy to figure out.  It is a great site for every type of Belgian guns and edged weapons from circa 1777-1918 starting with their main page at  http://www.abl1914.be/inhoud.htm.
Information about this model of the Complain is on: http://www.abl1914.be/karabcomblain1870BW/karabcomblain1870BW.htm
The Model 1870, which they termed “Karabijn Comblain Model 1870 (Burgerwacht)”  despite it having a long barrel held with two barrel bands and fitted for a long yataghan bayonet, so collectors usually call these rifles.   These were issued to the “Burgerwacht” sometimes called the Garde Civique (Civil Guard), which was a paramilitary force intended to carry out security operations within the country, separate from the army establishment, more like what we would call the “national guard” for performing duties under a state’s governor, not federal service.  At the start of WW1 they were hastily assigned more military duties but basically evaporated as the Germans invaded. 
The Model 1870 was made with a bronze receiver and breechblock which worked okay, but the subsequent models all used iron or steel for receivers and breechblocks which were much more durable. In 1871 a Comblain Cavalry Carbine was adopted for army use, followed by a Model 1871-1883.  A model 1882 rifle for the Burgerwacht was adopted to replace the 1870.  In 1888 the final Comblain model, a carbine, was adopted for the Boswachters- which seem to be some sort of forestry police.= or maybe border patrol/customs type outfit.    Sales were also made to Chile and Brazil and it seems that Greece, Peru and Argentina ended up with some, although details are vague on those.  These were chambered for the 11 x 50mm rimmed Belgian cartridge, same as for the earlier Albini-Bearendlin and Tersen rifles.  More info than you ever imagined about the ammunition is at: http://www.militaryrifles.com/Comblains/ComblainCart.htm

For more history on this model, including shooting info, see the “Bloke on the Range” video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-iRdM5FUlaM  Note that proper operation of the action is NOT to pull on the rear of the trigger guard/lever, but to push down and forward on the inside front of the trigger guard, which feels strange but seems to be correct.

This is a very nice example of the scarce Belgian Model 1870 Civic Guard rifle with the bronze frame, made in 1871 by G. Mordant in Liege, as marked on the barrel and the stock roundel.  Bronze parts have a pleasing mellow patina.  Steel parts mostly dull gray mixed with stain and a bit of light roughness, about G-VG.  Good bore.  Wood cleaned long ago with old oil finish.  We may have bayonets for this- check the edged weapons page or ask as we have many not cataloged yet.  ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $1,450.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7114 - EXCELLENT BRITISH CONVERSION OF .577 ENFIELD RIFLE MUSKET TO SNIDER Mark II** .577 Snider caliber Breechloader - Serial number 247 on the bottom of the breechblock.   Originally made at Enfield in 1862 as a Pattern 1853 .577 muzzle loader.  Converted circa 1867 to a Snider Mark II** using a breech action made by Birmingham Small Arms (B.S.A. -before they added Motorcycles to the name),    Probably the nicest military issue Snider we have encountered.
The Snider action was invented by an American, Jacob Snider, and adopted in 1866 for conversion of existing supplies of the muzzle loading .577 Enfield rifles into .577 metallic cartridge breech-loaders.  These were used throughout the British Empire until replaced by Martini rifle in the mid-1870s, but remained in use by some units into the 1880s, such as Canada where they were the primary arm until replaced by Lee-Enfield rifles in the 1890s.
There were actually 5 variations of the 3 band Snider rifles, as follows.  (A passionate or obsessive collector will surely have to have one of each, right?)
MkI – Chambered for the original Pottet cartridge which used a rounded cut in the chamber for the rim.  MkI* - MkI altered to use Boxer cartridges with a square profile on the rim and the chamber.
MkII* - as per MkI* but made with the square Boxer cut for the rim, not altered from MkI.
MkII** - Made with a minor modification to strengthen the breech block.
MkIII - Purpose built as a Snider, (not converted from percussion) with steel barrel and locking lug mechanism for securing breech, replacing the detent and plunger latch of earlier models.

This excellent example retains about 95%+ original (from time of conversion) arsenal blue finish on most parts, starting to plum a bit.  Brass buttplate and trigger guard with a mellow, untouched patina.   Bore is mostly excellent but with a lot of crud on the surface around the middle one third of the barrel, probably dried grease, but possibly rust, although we think that after a vigorous cleaning it will end up as an overall excellent bore.  The oil finished walnut stock has never been sanded and still retains sharp RM ENFIELD roundel on right side.   Many of these were used in Canada, and usually have a DC for Dominion of Canada stamped on the left side of the butt with about 3/8” stamps.   This one does not have that but does have a crude DC scratched on the left flat between the lock screws, which may be the government property marking, or perhaps Bubba’s cousin scratched his initials for “Dumb Canuck.”
Excellent mechanics, about 95% original case hardened finish on the lock, and stock has only a few minor storage or handling blemishes.  One of the best military issue Sniders we have seen, not one of the rusty junky ones from Nepal, or boogered by Afghans.  ANTIQUE- no FFL needed.  $850.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7111 – BRITISH MARTINI-HENRY .577-450 MARK IV RIFLE CONVERTED TO MILITARY GUARD GUN
Serial number F6202, made at Enfield in 1887, the first year of production.   The distinguishing feature of the Mark IV is the “long lever” for greater extraction power, which had been a problem on some of the earlier marks.   Some were entirely new production, but most were updates of earlier rifles, with a new receiver but using old barrels, and the buttstocks having a new cup for the lever latch, and the old cup location filled
Later, as the Martinis became obsolete, a small number of them were converted for use by guards with buckshot loads.   This involved reaming out the rifling, resulting in a smooth bore .476” diameter.   The ammunition was designated “Cartridge S.A. Buckshot Breech-Loading .476 inch Bore Mark I (Musket & Carbine)" which was basically the typical foil-wrapped style .577-450 cartridge with a longer neck to hold buckshot.  Originally, some purpose-made shotguns were made with a special chamber with shorter length for the case body, to prevent unreliable native troops or police from using .577-450 ball ammunition, if they got “restless.”   However, most of the Martini conversions for military use simply removed the rifling and either long or short body buckshot ammo was used.
NOTE- this is NOT one of the frequently seen “Martini-Greener Police Shotguns,” which were made only for police use, and have a unique bolt face with two prongs set out from the firing pin so that they will only fire special ammunition with a groove around the base of the cartridge. 

This is a much scarcer full military version of the Mark IV Martini altered for guard use.  It is likely that the work was done in the Kirkee, India, arsenal circa 1900.  Overall G-VG, above average for these, with about 60% old blue finish worn and thinning.  Good bore and mechanics.  Buttstock has chip at the toe, and was cleaned long ago leaving traces of various mostly illegible markings.  An interesting variation of the Martini-Henry which played such an important part in the “Empire on which the sun never sets.” ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $425.00 (View Picture)

 

SMOF7142 - SCARCE ITALIAN MODEL 1870/87 VETTERLI-VITALI RIFLE- 10.35 x 47mm Rimmed- MINTY! -
Serial number AE2129 made at Torino in 1878 as indicated by the barrel markings. Excellent sharp bore. Top flat also has the “PP” marks indicating the parts are interchangeable. These were made as single shot rifles between 1870 and 1887, and originally had the rotating dust cover around the receiver opening, In 1887 Italy adopted the Vitali magazine which was easily added to these single shot rifles. (The Netherlands also adopted the Vitali magazine conversion for their single-shot Beaumont rifles to magazine fed rifles.) The bottom of the stock was reinforced with a large metal plate to compensate for any weakening of the stock from removal of wood for the magazine opening. The rotating dust covers were modified to a narrow ring at the rear covering the bolt disassembly wedge, and also serving as a magazine cutoff. This rifle retains about 95% blue finish (from time of conversion) turning plum in a few places. The stock has only a few tiny storage or handling blemishes Serial number on stock matches the barrel. Roundel on right side of butt is light with mostly legible Torino and 1877. Complete with a cleaning rod which might not be correct. We have seen a lot of the later Model 1870/1887/1916 rifles where these were converted to 6.5mm, but very few of this model seem to have survived in 10.35 s 47mm caliber. The scarcity, and high condition of this example makes it an exciting find for the collector of early military cartridge rifles. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $595.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7148 - BELGIAN MODEL 1853/67/80 ALBINI-BRAENDLIN BREECH LOADING SINGLE SHOT RIFLE -
Serial number 2623. One of the many different attempts by various nations to convert their obsolete muzzle loading arms to breechloaders circa 1860-1870. This started out as a Belgian Model 1853 rifle, made in 1855 (as indicated by the PA over 55 marking on the lock). It was converted in 1868 as indicated by the barrel date. Matching numbers 26223 on buttplate, locking rod, barrel, middle band and even the cleaning rod. but breech block is number 179. The Albini was a typical conversion effort, with a hinged breechblock like a trapdoor, locked by the firing pin which was connected to the hammer, locking the breech as the hammer dropped, similar to the Austrian Wanzl or the U.S. Morse. Overall excellent condition with arsenal bright finish from time of conversion. Excellent bore. This has the Halkin patent extended volley sight bar on the rear sight, used with a button on the middle band, as modified in 1880. Wood has a mellow old patina, making it an handsome example of this historic design. The GB on the breech is the Government of Belgium property mark. The “P” above the serial number on the barrel and buttplate is a regimental marking. Some spotty staining on top of the barrel between the two lower bands which should clean off okay. See bayonet page, (or ask) for a bayonet to fit. An exceptional example of a scarce transitional rifle. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $1,395.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7155 - SCARCE AUSTRIAN MODEL 1862/1867 WANZL BREECHLOADING CONVERSION OF LORENZ MUSKET (14 x 33mm Rimfire)
In 1866 the Austrians fought a disastrous seven week war with Germany, where the German breechloading needle fire rifles decimated the Austrians with their muzzle loading Lorenz rifles. The following January (1867), the Austrians adopted the Wanzl system for converting their muzzle loading rifles to breechloading cartridge arms. Six months later they adopted the rotary breech Werndl system for new rifles to be made by the newly formed firm of Steyr. This is the standard infantry model Wanzl, with total barrel length of about 37.5 inches and overall length of about 53 inches. The lock bears the original manufacture date of 1863, stamped in the Austrian method of only the last three digits, 863. The Wanzl conversion is somewhat similar to the later Allin Trapdoor system, where a new receiver is attached to the old barrel, having a breechblock that flips up like the trapdoor. The locking system is unusual, being an internal rod that locks into the rear of the breechblock as the hammer falls. The tang is marked G. PAPISTOK, the firm that did the conversion. The breechblock is marked BOLLMAN. The barrel is marked W 68 indicating acceptance at Vienna (Wein) in 1868. Overall condition is about fine. Most parts retain their original bright polished finish under a bit of dried oil and crud. The bore is excellent, but someone drilled a 3/16” diameter hole through the barrel about 8” from the muzzle for some unknown and regrettable reason. The hole on the top has been plugged so it is not real obvious, but it is open on the bottom, so this is not for shooting (like anyone has any 14 x 33mm Rimfire Austrian ammunition to shoot). The beech stock has a few assorted minor handling and storage dings and blemishes, and one messy area on the bottom of the forend as shown in the photos. The Wanzel is a very scarce gun, and would be an excellent addition to a collection of European military arms. An excellent collecting niche would be to specialize in the evolution of military rifle technology, something like “Single Shot Blackpowder Cartridge Military Rifles” or “Military muskets converted to breechloaders.” Other examples that would fit in there are the British Sniders, the French Tabatier, the Swiss Milbank-Amsler; the U.S. first and second Allin trapdoors, some of the Remington rolling blocks, and several others. The best source of info on arms of this era is Keith Doyon’s superb site http://www.militaryrifles.com/ which we use often. (Note- The Lorenz muskets were nominally .54 caliber and the conversion used a rimfire cartridge variously called any of the following: 13.9 x 33mm Wanzel Model 1867 rimfire; 14 mm rimfire Wanzl ; 14.3 x 32.3mm rimfire Austrian Wänzel; 14.3 x 32.3mm rimfire Wänzel Mod. 1869; 14.5 x 32.5mm rimfire Austrian Wänzel; 14 mm Scharfe gewehrpatrone or the 14 x 33mm rimfire Wänzel. But whatever you call it, forget about ever finding any ammo for it!) Cleaning rod is a not quite correct replacement. See bayonet page, (or ask) for a bayonet to fit . Price is discounted significantly due to the hole problem, but few people will ever notice it. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed $ 795.00 (View Picture)

22892 VERY RARE BRITISH “MORRIS TUBE” SUB-CALIBER DEVICE FOR .303 CALIBER MARTINI-METFORD CARBINE - This is the .297/230 centerfire caliber “Morris Tube, adopted in the List of Changes 6860 in September 1892 as “Tube, Aiming, Martini-Metford Carbine, Artillery (Mark I), Cavalry (Marks I, II & III), Morris, with breech piece, set nut, leather and brass washers.” Earlier versions had been adopted circa 1883 for the .577-450 Martinis and later versions were made for the Lee Enfield bolt action rifles, all in different lengths for the various carbines or rifles. Circa 1908, similar devices usually called “Aiming Tubes” replaced Morris tube, and used conventional .22 rimfire cartridges. But, these required specially modified bolts with offset firing pins to work with the rimfire cartridges. The muzzle nuts and washer are present. The sliding collar on the “chamber” end acts as an extractor for the .297/230 cartridge case and sort of a loading tray for loading. The rifle’s regular extractor activates the collar. Although heavily pitted on the exterior the device actually has a very good bore with 8 groove rifling. Installation required unscrewing the chamber part, putting it in the breech, and holding it with a special tool, then threading the barrel insert into the chamber piece, then drawing it up tight with the muzzle washer and nuts. The chamber part is probably rusted in place on the tube which prevents disassembly for actual installation in a Martini, but great for display anyway as an example of the indoor “gallery practice” which was a vital part of military marksmanship training at the turn of the century in many nations. One round of the very hard to find .297/230 Morris Tube ammunition shown in the photos nest to a .22 Long Rifle is included. Most collectors have never seen or heard of these, but https://www.rifleman.org.uk/index-3.html#The_Aiming_Tubes is full of superb information on these, as well as all the rest of British military training, drill and small bore rifles. Take a while and explore all of their links and you will be amazed. That is also a good check list for an interesting collecting specialty if you need another one. Only one of these we have ever seen in person and I know I will regret parting with it. $325.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7117 - DANISH ROLLING BLOCK RIFLE M1867/1896 11.5 x 51mmR CALIBER -
Serial number 56254. One of about 30,000 made at the Danish Arsenal at Copenhagen 1870-1908, under license from Remington. This one marked on the tang KJOBENHAVNS TOIHUUS 1879 with crown and M-1867 on left side of receiver. Barrel has serial number 56254, also found on stock. Crown markings sharp and clear adjacent to serial number on barrel and also on left side of forend and buttstock. Stock never sanded but has assorted mostly minor bruises and bumps on the wood. Brass marking disc on right side of butt is not marked. Barrel marked at top rear with crown indicating conversion in 1896 to improved 11.5x51R smokeless powder centerfire cartridge, hence the 1867/96 designation. An interesting feature is that the breechblock retains a hole to allow firing pin installation for use with rimfire cartridges. Faded color casehardening on the receiver. Barrel with about 80% original blue finish mostly worn thin. Excellent shiny bore. Long range rear sight with arm for volley sight and middle band retains the screw head type volley sight. Front sight blade is a recent replacement. Barrel bands were originally finished bright but now mostly a dull steel gray/patina mix. Overall fine condition or a bit better. These are chambered for a Danish round that is slightly shorter than the .45-70 cartridge, and a bit fatter near the head. While we do not recommend shooting these, some people reportedly fire light loads using trimmed .45-70 cases and only neck size them afterwards. We sell all guns as collector items only and they must be approved by a competent gunsmith prior to firing. These are very reasonably priced examples of a late 19th century military black powder cartridge rifle. A very nice example of this model, and a key piece for a collection of Danish or Scandinavian arms. Bayonet for these is an impressive long sword type with the fancy “Yhataghan” blade, and we might have one listed on our edged weapons page http://oldguns.net/catedw.htm Antique- no FFL required.  $695.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7118 - FRENCH MODEL 1866 CHASSEPOT NEEDLEFIRE RIFLE CONVERTED TO .43 MAUSER BY KYNOCH IN BRITAIN CIRCA 1873 -
Serial number 79717 matching on barrel and bolt. Comes complete with the hard to find original Chassepot cleaning rod (numbered 91848). This rifle was originally made as a needlefire rifle circa 1866 and would have been used by the French losers during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Many in the French military pointed to the finnicky Chassepot Model 1866 and its fragile cartridge as the reason for the defeat, which led to the adoption in 1874 of the Gras rifle firing an 11mm metallic cartridge, basically a modified Chassepot. Large quantities of surrendered or captured Chassepots were converted in Germany to use 11mm Mauser cartridges, and many others were sold on the surplus markets. Some people incorrectly claim that in 1873 the French government contracted with Kynoch Gun Factory in Aston, England, to convert some of their Chassepots to centerfire cartridges pending arrival of sufficient 1874 Gras rifles. Actually, there were no French contracts, and rifles like this one were converted by Kynoch for the commercial trade, possibly for China or South American use. Neither the Kynoch Chassepot conversions nor their Kynoch patent revolvers were a commercial success, so Kynoch abandoned the arms making business and stuck to their highly successful ammunition work. Conversion included modifying the bolt for cartridges and rechambering the barrel. Original markings were removed during conversions and new marks applied: “KYNOCH-GUN-FACTORY-ASTON”, “MUSKET-43-77-380” and “KYNOCH’S-PATENT.” Birmingham proof marks on barrel, receiver and bolt. The numbers on the bayonet lug, barrel and bolt match. Overall very good to fine. About 80-90% of the original blue finish remains on the rifle, although mostly turned to plum. The stock shows typical handling marks. and there is an old fashioned anchor carved on the left side of the butt, possibly reflecting naval use. Butt plate is stamped “120.” The bore is dirty but should clean to excellent. A scarce and interesting French rifle from the rapidly changing arms technology evolving in the 1870s. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $550.00 (View Picture)

SMOF7134  - URUGUAY DAUDETAU-DOVITIIS-MAUSER 6.5 x 53.5mm RIFLE - Serial number 90590, single shot. Born as a German Mauser Model 1871 rifle (marks on left side of receiver "I.G. Mod 71" for Infantire Gewehr Model 1871.  Right side marked  82 and 1881, showing it was made in1881 and initial German military issue was in 1882.  These were converted circa 1895 for the 6.5x53.5mm Daudetau No. 12 semi-rimmed cartridge by the French "Societe Francaise des Armes Portatives of Saint Denis, Paris, France, as indicated by the markings on the barrel "S.F.A.P/St. Denis."  

In the 1880s, the South American nation of Uruguay had purchased a quantity of Mauser Infanteriegewehre Model 1871 rifles. When neighboring Argentina adopted the 7.65mm small bore smokeless cartridges and Model 1891 Mauser rifles in 1891, Uruguay felt a need to keep up with the neighbors. But funding was very limited.  As a stopgap measure it was decided in 1894 to have their Model 1871 rifles re-barreled for a modern cartridge.

Enter Antonio De Dovitiis (usually mispelled Dovitis), an immigrant tailor actually born in Picerno, Potenza Province, Italy, but usually claimed to be from Greece.  De Dovitiis had a military equipment store specialized in tailoring articles and bladed weapons, located at 18 de Julio street no. 130, Montevideo.  He was also personal tailor of Julio Herrera y Obes, president of Uruguay between 1890-1894, and that probably accounts for him being sent to Europe on the armament mission.  Dovitiis took advantage of business contacts in France to arrange for the work to be done by Societe Francais des Armes Portative, which was then promoting the a rifle designed by Frenchman Luis D’Audeteau who had also designed several 6.5mm cartridges.  His “Cartouche No. 12” was pushed on the gullible Uruguayans as a wonderful choice as their new service cartridge.  The chief benefit seems to be that SFAP St. Denis would be able to use their existing machinery to produce the barrels, sights and other fittings necessary to convert the Mausers.
The conversion consisted of fitting a new barrel, bolt head, extractor, sights, bands and a stock. In fact, the only original Mauser parts retained were the receiver, trigger mechanism, buttplate, and brass trigger guard while the sights and bayonet were the same pattern as those used on the Lebel. Approximately 10,000 pieces were converted, including some cut down to a short rifle configuration.
Although sounding good on paper (or because of the assorted cash under the table which seems probable) this international cross breeding program was a failure.  The main problem was the ammunition which had hard primers while the rifles had weak springs, and there were extraction problems caused by differences in rim dimensions, but most South American countries were reluctant to allow the troops to shoot very much as it might encourage them to overthrow the current governments.

This is a good representative example, with lots of finish on the metal parts.  The stock has assorted minor dings and bruises and could use a good cleaning.   Excellent bore, (but no one has any ammo for these!).  Receiver, bolt and stock fitting retain most of the bright polish finish from the time of conversion.  The barrel retains about 90-95% of its blue finish.  Bolt and receiver numbers all match, but the buttplate does not, same as the others we have seen. 

Missing the cleaning rod, but one from a M1896 Swedish Mauser would be a good substitute.  One of the oddball features of this rifle is the fact that the cleaning rod was mounted on the side instead of underneath the forend.  There are only a few other examples with this feature, and for a rather eccentric collecting niche, that might be fun to explore.  Look for the French Model 1892 carbines, Portuguese Model 1886 Kropatshek rifles, the Russian Model 1938 Tokarevs, a few Winchester Model 1876 rifles, some of the Remington Keene military rifles, and maybe a few others.

So, we have a rifle made in Germany, sold to Uruguay, converted in France to use a French designed cartridge, in a transaction brokered by an Italian tailor.  While lacking much of a service history, they are certainly one of the most unusual stories of military arms on the cheap, and such an abject failure.
This is a really unusual early South American military rifle, a field with a lot of variety and mostly reasonable prices, and this would be a key piece in such a collection.  ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $595.00 (View Picture) [NOTE- we have a few replica cartridges for these on the collector ammunition page]

SMOF7144 - SCARCE SWISS MODEL 1870 VETTERLI SINGLE SHOT CADET RIFLE - Serial number 6046 made by Rychner & Keller, Aarau.  According to SwissRifles.com website, the single shot Model 1870 Cadet Rifle was authorized for production by the Eidgenossische Military Department on November 22nd, 1870 and apparently all made 1870-1873.  These were specifically made for cadet use, with a single shot action, one piece stock, 26.75” barrel and weight of 7.16 pounds.  This was significantly different from the full size infantry tubular magazine repeating rifle with a two piece stock and a 33 inch barrel, weighing 10.4 pounds.  Both were chambered for the 10.4 x 38mmR (or .41 Swiss) rimfire cartridge, but the cadet model was intended for use with a special cadet cartridge with a lighter powder charge, although the regular service rounds will chamber and fire in the cadet rifles.
Collecting Swiss rifles is an interesting and fairly affordable collecting specialty, and this is one of the hardest rifles to find. 

Fantastic bore, bright and sharp.  Missing the cleaning rod with a slotted brass tip.  Good mechanics. Bolt shroud retains 95% blue finish. Barrel has mix of blue and patina and looks like the barrel was actually polished bright long ago.  Unsanded walnut stock is excellent except for barely noticeable repair at the toe where flimsy buttplate results in easy breakage there.  Good inspector cartouche of Swiss cross over a shield with letter T on right side of the butt.   A very nice example of a scarce and desirable Swiss rifle, and one which will attract more attention than any variation of its larger, clunky cousins.  ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $650.00 (View Picture)

17798 PORTUGUESE MODEL 1886/89 STEYR KROPATSCHEK RIFLE - Serial number Q940. Made by Steyer in Austria in 1886. Marked on receiver OE.W.F.G. Steyer/ 1886, faint traces of crown over L.Io., and M.1886 due to old arsenal refinish. Receiver, barrel and stock with serial Q940. Bolt mismatched O914 and other numbers. The Steyer Kropatschek is very similar to the German Mauser 1871/84 with a tubular magazine, but the details are slightly different throughout. Caliber is 8x60R Kropatschek, so you probably will not find any ammo. This example had the 1889 modification which added a handguard over the top of the barrel between the rear sight and the middle band, as shown by clearance cuts in the barrel channel for the clips to hold the handguard on. Handguard is missing (as with nearly all of these), leaving this looking just like the original M1886 if you don't spot the additional inletting for the clips. Stock is a nice medium brown walnut having been sanded long ago and picking up only a few tiny blemishes since then. There is a small crack on the left die of the wrist by the receiver tang, but it does not appear to affect strength much. About 90% thinning arsenal refinish blue on receiver and barrel, but the finish is mostly worn off the bands. Bolt and innards of action are nice and bright. Bore is about fine. Complete with the nearly always missing cleaning rod. Overall fine plus condition, much nicer than these are usually found. The 1886/89 model reportedly was sent to colonial outposts to minimize heat wave interference with the sight picture. Portugal had significant colonial holdings in Africa and Asia until early in the 20th century. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $450.00 (View Picture)

18588 SCARCE FRENCH MODEL 1874/1880 GRAS .22 CALIBER TRAINING RIFLE - Serial number 13843, Made at Manufacture D’Armes, St. Etienne in 1873 according to the receiver and barrel markings, as a Model 1874 single shot 11 x 59mmR single shot metallic cartridge rifle, with the 1880 improvements. This was later converted to .22 rimfire caliber using a sleeve in the barrel and modified bolt assembly, which is numbered to match the rifle, and a unique rear sight with windage adjustment screw and calibrated 0 to 35 on the leaf. Barrel length about 27.8 inches. Stock has been cut ahead of the barrel band, and the butt and buttplate have been slimmed. Butt swivel removed but screws remain. I have not been able to find any information on these other than a similar conversion from the Ben Michel collection sold as lot 285 by Cowans Auction in November 2015. That one had a full length military stock, but otherwise appears to be the same conversion with the unique rear sight. It was described as “Scarce variant of the Gras rifle used for military training and civilian marksmanship.” Military use of .22 caliber rifles for training began in the 1880s,and I suspect this conversion was done circa 1885-1900 when the Gras rifles had been replaced by the Lebel but were good candidates for conversion to training rifles, and probably served into the WW1 period. Bore has strong rifling with scattered some spots of rust or pits and needs a good cleaning. Good mechanics. Barrel and receiver retain most of the blue finish turned to plum or patina, and bolt is mostly patina. Gras rifles are pretty cheap and you can probably find an inexpensive one to swap stocks if you want this in a full length stock. Military .22 training rifles are a popular collecting specialty and this is one was in John’s collection for many years but he is clearing those out to make room for more line throwing guns, so someone else can enjoy owning this one for a few years. While many of the .22 trainers are pretty easy to find, this one is very scarce. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $725.00 (View Picture)

14630 SCARCE SWEDISH MODEL 1867 ROLLING BLOCK RIFLE MADE BY REMINGTON IN 1867- WITH BAYONET! - Serial number 3701, matching on left side of the receiver, butt stock and buttplate, with the 1867 date of manufacture on the right side of the barrel, receiver and butt. Additional number 6538 stamped on left barrel flat. This is one of the most desirable of all the Swedish M1867 rolling blocks as it is one of the original 10,000 made by Remington in Ilion. Remington also provided 20,000 actions, and licensed the Swedes to make rifles in Sweden, selling them tooling and jigs for the purpose, along with American made production machinery. This tooling ended up as the basis for Carl Gustafs Stad Gevarsfaktori and other arms making plants, and eventually they turned out some 100,000 rolling block rifles and at least 4.000 carbines. In addition, Norway ended up making about 53,000 M1867 rifles at the Norwegian arsenal at Kongsberg, and buying 5,000 from Husqvarna in Sweden. These are historically significant arms, from a period when Sweden and Norway were unified to a some extent. They jointly adopted the Remington rolling block system in 1867. The Swedes had a bunch of muzzle loading rifles they intended to convert to breechloaders, so they chose a 12.17mm cartridge with the same bore diameter as the muzzle loaders, converting those using actions provided by Remington, or made in Sweden under license. Depending on the original model those became "gevär m/1860-68", "gevär m/1864-68" or "gevär m/1860-64-68." The M1867 rifles remained in Swedish service until replaced by the Model 1894/1896 Mauser carbines and rifles. Originally made in 12.17x44mm rimfire (comparable to, but not identical with the .50-70 case), some of the M1867s were converted to 12.17x44mmR centerfire starting in 1874 (Model 1867-74). In 1884 the Norwegians adopted 10.15x61mmR Jarmann rifles, but the Swedes declined. In 1889 Sweden modernized some their rolling blocks using new barrels in 8x58mmR Danish Krag caliber. (Not part of the Sweden-Norway union but strongly tied to them, Denmark also adopted a Model 1867 rolling block, but chambered for a 11.35mm rimfire cartridge, replacing these with the Danish 8mm Krag rifle in 1889, while Norway adopted a 6.5mm Krag in 1894. As you can see, the Scandinavian weapons history is a bit of a tangled story, but it would be an interesting and not too expensive collecting niche.) Overall condition of this Remington made Swedish Model 1867 rifle is about fine, with traces of case colors on the receiver, and about 80% thinning original blue on the barrel. The American walnut stocks show assorted mostly minor dings and scars of an issued service arm. The wood is a little dry and some appropriate treatment would improve the appearance. Excellent bore. Note that this comes with the correct Model 1867 Swedish socket bayonet, with most of its blue finish, going nicely with the rifle. These rifles were made with a lug on the side of the barrel so that they could be issued with either the socket bayonet or a sword bayonet. A very nice example of the scarce early Remington made Swedish rifle, not the more common Swedish made guns. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $1350.00 (View Picture)

22813 SWISS MODEL 1871 VETTERLI .41 RIMFIRE BOLT ACTION RIFLE MADE BY SIG, NEUHAUSEN - Serial number 85681 all matching Sometimes these are called the Model 1869/1871. These never used in combat (due to the Swiss policy of ensuring that all citizens were heavily armed skilled marksmen, not disarmed girly man peaceniks). The bolt action Vetterli rifle with its 11 round tubular magazine was adopted at a time when most nations were still diddling with single shots, or attempting cheapskate conversions of muzzle loaders. The U.S. Army was in love with Trapdoors, and rejected other options for more than 20 years after the Swiss adopted the Vetterli. The only downside of the Swiss Vetterli was the weak rimfire ammunition (nominally 10.4x46mmR). This rifle is the standard infantry model with 33 inch barrel. The Models 1869 and 1871 have the square checkering on the forend, while the later 1878 and 1881 models do not (but they had minor mechanical improvements and better sights). The 1869 had a sliding cover for the loading gate, which was eliminated on the 1871. Many of the Swiss rifles were sold off as surplus in the early to mid 20th century. Winchester loaded .41 rimfire ammo was loaded up until WW2. This rifle is in fine to excellent condition with about 90-95% of the original blue remaining although thinning. It looks a bit gray in the photos, but is actually a blue-gray shade, but definitely original, not touched up or anything. Buttplate suffers from a layer of rust due to poor storage, but the other parts are really nice. Walnut stock has assorted minor handling dings and bruises. Bore is excellent but irrelevant as you are unlikely to find any .41 Swiss ammo to shoot. This one even has the almost always missing cleaning rod. We get a lot of the Model 1878 and 1881 Vetterlis in minty condition but few of the M1871, and very seldom see any of the 1869 rifles. Swiss military arms are a varied and relatively inexpensive collecting niche. This is a good representative example of an uncommon, important and interesting rifle. $650.00 (View Picture)

23268 Swiss Model 1869/1871 .41 rimfire Bolt Action Vetterli Repeating Rifle - Serial number 7129 matching, made by Rychner & Keller, Aarau. Although never used in combat (due to the Swiss policy of ensuring that all citizens were heavily armed skilled marksmen, not disarmed girly-men peaceniks). The bolt action Vetterli rifle with its 11 round tubular magazine was adopted at a time when most nations were still diddling with single shots, or attempting cheapskate conversions of muzzle loaders. The U.S. Army was in love with Trapdoors, and rejected other options for more than 20 years after the Swiss adopted the Vetterli. The only downside of the Swiss Vetterli was the weak rimfire ammunition (nominally 10.4x46mmR). This rifle is the standard infantry model with 33 inch barrel. The Models 1869 and 1871 have the square checkering on the forend, while the later 1878 and 1881 models do not, although they had minor mechanical improvements and better sights. The 1869 had a sliding cover for the loading gate, which was eliminated on the 1871. Many of the Swiss rifles were sold off as surplus in the early to mid 20th century. Winchester loaded .41 rimfire ammo up until WW2 and in the 1960s nearly unissued Vetterli rifles were selling from “Ye Olde Hunter” for $9.95 each. Ah, the good old days. This rifle is in good condition except that it has been poorly stored, so much of the original blue finish has turned to plum patina or acquired some light surface rust. This needs a good cleaning of all the metal parts, and a good rubbing with linseed oil on the stock to make it look a lot nicer than it is now. The unsanded walnut stock is dry and has assorted minor handling dings and bruises. Bore is dirty but good, and may clean better, but irrelevant as you are unlikely to find any .41 Swiss ammo to shoot. This is complete with the cleaning rod, which is often missing. A good representative example of an important and interesting rifle. These early Model 1869-1871 rifles are much harder to find, and usually in lesser condition than the later Model 1878 and 1881 rifles. Swiss rifles can be a fun and (relatively) inexpensive collecting niche, with a wide variety of variations from the core group of muzzle loading Federal rifles, the Milbank Amslers, Vetterlis, and Schmidt-Rubins. All are made of the finest materials to the highest quality standards, and fairly easy to find at affordable prices. $595.00 (View Picture)

7358 Italian M1870/87/16 6.5mm bolt action Vetterli-Vitalli-Mannlicher Rifle - Serial number LO1708 made circa 1870-1878 at Brescia, (one of four Italian state run arsenals). This is one of the better looking examples of this model we have seen lately (although a cynic would note that the competition is not keen). Originally made as a single shot Vetterli rifle firing the 10.35 x 47mm rimmed cartridge, the model 1870 rifles were altered from 1887 through 1896 to add a Vitalli type box magazine, much like the Dutch and their Beaumont-Vitalli rifles. In WW1, shortages of arms led the Italians to further alter these rifles by lining the bore to use the 6.5x52mm Carcano centerfire cartridge and replacing the magazine with a Mannlicher type magazine. This conversion was only marginally safe for the old black powder loads, and they were generally issued to second line troops, or colonial infantrymen. Some of the rifles served with the Italian forces in North Africa in WW2, (notably defeated by Haille Selassie's spear wielding Ethiopian tribesmen). WE CONSIDER THES UNSAFE TO SHOOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTNACES AND SELL ONLY AS A COLLECTOR ITEM, NEVER TO BE FIRED! Lug on side of barrel for sword/knife bayonet. Barrel flats marked BRESCIA on one side and serial number LO1708 on the other. Walnut stock has been lightly sanded during the period of it service and now has an old military oil finish. Right side has deeply struck serial number LO1708. Metal parts with about 90-95% of an old black paint finish, probably not military, but it makes the gun look nice…from a distance. Unlike very other example we have seen, THIS ONE HAS THE CLEANING ROD! As is almost always the case, the cleaning rod is missing. Good mechanics. Rough bore. Unlike the later Mannlicher-Carcanos of WW2, these early Italian military rifles are not encountered very often. A good representative example of this important early European military bolt action rifle. Antique, no FFL needed. $325.00 (View Picture)

17800 Swiss Model 1878 .41 rimfire (10.38 x 38Rmm) Vetterli Rifle - Serial number 190244 (Repetier-Gewehr 1878) Receiver marked "[cross]/ Waffenfabrik/Bern/190244/M.78" with matching numbers on other parts. Metal parts with about 80-90% original blue finish on most parts. The top of the barrel between the lower band and the rear sight has thinning finish turning plum and mixed with patina. Excellent medium brown color walnut stock with good cartouches and original oil finish with some assorted mostly minor storage and handling bruises. This one previously lived with a smoker and it reeks of tobacco smoke and has a thin film of crud that needs to be cleaned off and it will look much nicer. This is the standard Swiss Infantry rifle, a bolt action tubular magazine (12 round) repeating rifle from the period when we were still fussing with single shot flopdoor fusils. Admittedly the .45-70 cartridge was good for long ranges, while the .41 rimfire was a pretty puny load. Bore in the 33 inch barrel is sharp and mirror bright, and overall workmanship reflects the legendary Swiss precision workmanship. Upper band has stud on right side for sword bayonet, but these could also use a socket bayonet with a cruciform blade. Complete with the original cleaning rod, which is usually missing from these rifles. These were made between 1879 and 1881. A handsome example of 130 year old rifle! Antique, no FFL needed. $795.00 (View Picture)


Miscellaneous Stuff and Restoration Projects!

Cootl stuf that does not fit well in the other categories. And, for those of you who have thoughtfully stashed away some stocks and hardware (or stocks and bonds with which to invest in stocks and bands) here are some prime candidates for restoration. Some of these rifles were converted to sporters many years ago when no one was interested in collecting "surplus" military  rifles and everybody was busy turning them into cheap deer rifles. While many people butchered the stocks and cut off barrels and refinished things, a few considerate (or lazy) people merely chopped off the stock and threw away all the useless bands and stuff. These rifles are very easy to restore if you have an appropriate stock and bands.

20798 RARE U.S. MODEL 1882 CHAFFEE REECE BOLT ACTION MAGAZINE RIFLE (RESTORATION PROJECT) - (Serial number- none) One of only 753 made at Springfield in 1884 for one of the interminable trials seeking a suitable repeating rifle. This rifle was tested against the Remington Lee, and the Winchester Hotchkiss bolt action repeaters, and perhaps a few others. In any case, the field results were mixed, and provided sufficient excuses to adopt none of them and to remain with the trusty, economical, and thrifty on ammunition “trapdoor” design pending a major breakthrough in rifle or ammunition design. The 1884 field trials resulted in generally negative reviews for the Chaffee-Reece. 95 reports were received from the field, with only 14 ranking the Chaffee-Reece as superior to the current Trapdoor system or the other 2 magazine rifles then being tested. The rifles saw service with elements of US 8th, 9th, 14th, 15th , 19th, 23rd & 25th Infantry, as well as the 1st US Artillery. Although some of the reports lauded the magazine system of the rifle and some commended its accuracy, most reports were not positive. The primary complaint was that the butt magazine system weakened the stock significantly and made it susceptible to breakage. Other complaints revolved around the difficulty to keep the gun clean (making the bolt difficult to open and close), the heavy trigger pull (making accurate shooting difficult), the difficulty in performing the manual of arms with the rifle, and the poor performance with reloaded ammunition in the guns. By the end of the first quarter of 1886, the Chaffee-Reece rifles were replaced by M1884 Trapdoor rifles. Ultimately the Krag was adopted to bring the Army into the bolt action magazine rifle era, but the Chaffee-Reece were the FIRST bolt action repeating rifles to be completely made at Springfield. A very important milestone in U.S. military rifle evolution, and a scarce rifle missing from all but advanced collections. (Some of the Winchester Hotchkiss rifles were assembled at Springfield, using a mix of Winchester and Springfield parts.) The Chaffee-Reece did not use a coiled spring to advance cartridges, pushing the nose of the bullets against the primers of the next cartridge, thought to be a safety issue at the time. Instead, the buttstock magazine used two two sawtooth rails in the magazine track, with operation of the bolt advancing the cartridges one step each time the bolt is operated. A selector switch on the right side of the receiver ring engaged or disengaged the ratchet rails, acting as a magazine cutoff. These rails were the weak point of the design, and became broken and are missing in most of the these rifles today, including this one. I have only seen a handful of these for sale over the years. Excellent bore. This is a handsome example with about 98% blue finish remaining on the barrel with one scrape near the band. Blue has mostly worn off the trigger guard. The color case hardened finish on the receiver has faded, and that on the buttplate worn and now there is some rust on the heel. Walnut stock with old oil finish has never been sanded, and has sharp SWP/1884 cartouche near the buttplate (instead of near the action area where the stock was fragile). Good circle P. Barrel has sharp V/P/eagle head. Rear sight is the correct C-R marked with slotless screws. Top of the receiver rail is marked “U.S.- SPRINGFIELD.- 1884.” The walnut stock has assorted mostly very minor dings and bruises of a 140 year old martial arm, and a small chipped area by the selector lever on the right side of the receiver ring. Bubba chopped off the forend ahead of the lower band, and neatly filled the bandspring notch and cleaning rod hole. The forend on these is a bit different than a trapdoor, so you will need to make one from scratch. The upper band, ramrod stop and forend tip are standard trapdoor parts, and the cleaning rod is the same except just a bit shorter. The rarity of this model, and the high condition make this a restoration project that deserves to be finished up, even with the magazine track problem common to most of them. Waiting for an equally nice example with the magazine guts may mean a very long wait indeed. Antique, no FFL needed. $2495.00 (View Picture)

22740 RARE UNMODIFIED MODEL 1892 KRAG BUTTSTOCK- TYPE FOR CLEANING ROD - This is one of the few stocks which remains correct and escaped modification to the 1896 configuration by rounding the toe, drilling the butt for tools and oiler, and filling the ramrod groove. But, alas, Bubba wanted a Bambi blaster so he wacked the forend off. This stock has the correct original straight toe, with the thin, no-trap buttplate and very good legible JSA 1895 and circle P. It also has the letter “J: near the cartouche, which I believe is a Span-Am era overhaul marking, but I do not know the location. Initials WFP lightly scratched on the bottom of the stock ahead of the trigger guard but not very noticeable. Correct oval head large buttplate screw, but like most Krags, the finish is gone from the buttplate. It does not have any of the usual cracks or damage in the action area, but is good and solid. It is cut at the lower band, but the end of the cleaning rod groove is clearly visible, and it was never enlarged for the 1896 filler strip. It had some ugly varnish stripped without harming the markings, and has the expected assorted minor dings and scrapes of an issued arm. Restoration of the stock would involve splicing a new forend piece in place, with a groove for the cleaning rod. This is not a hard job, but requires some patience and skill. Finding an unmodified full length stock is less likely than winning the lottery the same day you marry a nymphomaniac heiress to a distillery, so finding even this one is about the only option to restore a M1892 Krag with correct metal but a later stock. $395.00 (View Picture)

14811 COMMIE BLOC "FENCING MUSKET" - Obviously patterned after the Mosin Nagant, but then altered with a block of wood resembling an AK style magazine added to the bottom, these were used for teaching bayonet fighting. The spring loaded tip can be depressed about 4 inches into the barrel, similar to a pogo stick. This is a fairly common approach, and I have seen fencing muskets with the same concept from Sweden and England as well. The U.S. used bayonets with passed spring steel blades, and later switched to "pugil sticks". Just collecting "fencing musket variations would be neat specialty with probably several dozen variations from all over the world to chase down. These may be East German as some are marked "MODELL 4.853" which sounds German to me. Overall excellent condition (except for some scattered light surface rust that should clean up). Complete with original excellent sling. Still legal in Kalifornia, but may be next on their ban list. Non-firearm, no FFL needed. Photo shows a typical example, but this is one we were going to keep and is nicer than the one in the photo. $95.00 (View Picture)


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