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Collectible Antique Longarms
(pre-1899)

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If you see a firearm that you want, let us know and we will hold it for you. Firearms manufactured after 1898 can only be shipped to someone with a Federal Firearms License (FFL). If you have a Curio & Relic FFL, we can ship items liste by the BATFE as Curiios & Relics directly to you, as long as there are no state or local restrictions (California??). If you do not have a C&R FFL, then we can only ship guns made after 1898 to a FFL dealer in your area. The dealer will have you fill out a 4473 form ("yellow sheet") to conduct the required federal "Brady" instant background check, and any other paperwork required in your area before allowing you to take possession. FFL holders often charge a small fee for handling these transfers, as well as any state or federal fees for the background check. If you don't know of any FFL holders in your area, we may be able to help you find one willing to handle transfers.
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Collectible Antique Longarms for sale (pre-1899)
NOTE: ALL ITEMS BELOW ARE "ANTIQUES" AND NO NOT REQUIRE A FFL FOR SHIPMENT.

Ordering Information- click here

We have divided this catalog into several sections:
(new items are added at the top of each section)

U.S. Military Antique Longarms
Non-Military Antique American Longarms (Kentucky Rifles, pre-1898 Winchesters, etc)
Foreign Antique Longarms (Military and non-military)
Miscellaneous Stuff and Restoration Projects!

U.S. Military Antique Longarms

**NEW ADDITION** 20412 U.S. MODEL 1816 .69 CALIBER FLINTLOCK MUSKET MADE AT SPRINGFIELD IN 1830 (RECONVERSION) - Matching 1830 date on the lockplate and the barrel. This is an expertly done reconversion to flintlock of a gun that had been converted to percussion in the late 1850s, and quite likely was issued during the Civil War. The stock is very nice, unsanded with sharp cartouche from original manufacture and the 1850s inspection cartouche with a “2” indicating that this was a second class arm, when they were sorting out guns to be converted, left alone, or disposed of after adoption of the .58 caliber percussion rifled muskets in 1855. The Model 1816s were made in three minor variations, mainly the lower sling swivel and the finish. Type 1 (1816-1822) had the swivel on a stud located forward of the trigger guard bow, and usually finished bright. The Type 2 (1822-1831) switched to a browned finish and moved the swivel to the trigger guard bow. The type 3 (1831-1844) returned to a bright finish and a slightly different shape where the swivel attached to the guard bow. This example is the Type 2 A total of about 325,000 M1816 muskets were made at Springfield, and another 350,000 at Harpers Ferry, and they were the standard arm of the Seminole Indian wars, the Mexican War, and were widely used in the Civil War either as flintlocks or updated by conversion to percussion cap ignition. The metal parts except for the hardened lock show some fine pitting under the overall brown patina finish, but it still is a very handsome representative example of the most common smoothbore flintlock musket used by the U.S. military. The reconversion is extremely well done and looks original to anyone but an expert. The bore in the 42 inch barrel is dark and has a smooth layer of dirt or rust, but not any deep pitting. A nice example, well above what is commonly seen on the market today, of an important U.S. martial arm at a reasonable price. $1595.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 15533 A GUN WITH A STORY- REV WAR FLINTLOCK MUSKET CONVERTED TO PERCUSSION AND USED IN THE CIVIL WAR - During the American Revolution (1775-1783) large numbers of muskets were imported from Europe, and some were captured on the battlefield, many needing repairs and some good only to be salvaged for usable parts to assemble new arms. This musket, or fowling piece, is a gun made from such salvaged Rev War parts, probably circa 1780-1812. Most of the American population lived in rural areas, pushing the frontier westward across the Appalachians and into the Mississippi River valley. Thus, most of the population needed firearms of some sort for hunting game or protection from marauding Indians or outlaws. Most Americans were poor farmers and unable to buy the high art “Kentucky rifles” so beloved by collectors today. They would be happy with just about anything that would shoot. And, the Militia Act of 1792 required every man to have a musket for militia duty, so there was a strong demand for arms of any quality. This gun mixes a French Model 1763 (+/-) military lock marked Maubeuge Manuf. Rle. typical of those on the French “Charleville” arms graciously supplied by our allies during the Revolution. (But, only because it was in France’s interest to arm us since we were also enemy of their enemy- England.) The barrel is likely from the same model, but cut down to about 36 ½” length. The stock, however, is American, having almost the form of a rifle stock, made of what appears to be maple. The lower ramrod pipe is from a British Brown Bess style gun, and the trigger guard also shows English influence. The Brass buttplate might be from a salvaged musket, or locally made. The lock screws pass through two washers, one with a sort of oval and the other a comma, a classic feature found on many New England made guns. This is very close to some arms described as being made by Rufus Perkins in Bridgewater, Massachusetts circa 1812. (See George Moller’s American Military Shoulder Arms, Volume 2, pages 230-231, item 144Q2.) Moller has seen two of these, with 36-37 inch pin fastened barrels, and a butt similar to this one with somewhat of a Roman nose rifle style rather than a typical musket club butt, along with the New England side washers. Moller states these were made for private sale to individuals or militia companies, alluding to either “armory style” with band fastened barrels, or “New England Militia musket style with pin fastened barrels. I think it is about 75% probable this is a gun assembled by Rufus Perkins circa 1800-1812. At some point the stock was painted red, now worn thin, but clearly a paint job. At one time this was common on guns intended for trade with the Indians, more or less because they had always made them that way (originally to disguise the wretched wood used in the cheaply made guns) but eventually the Indians came to expect the red paint. Other times, people painted guns or stocks for preservation, or on a whim, so no one can say for sure why this stock was painted red. Perkins did have a U.S. contract for 20 Indian trade guns in 1808 but Moller is convinced that none were delivered, so we can only speculate on the paint. The gun may have been used in New England, or perhaps a New England soldier carried it to the mid-Atlantic states during the War of 1812. Or maybe the owner migrated and took it with him. Eventually it was converted to percussion, probably circa 1830-1850 and altered to a half-stock for hunting or hog butchering. A thimble was soldered to the underside of the barrel to hold the wooden ramrod at that time, but it has been lost over the years. In any event, it is now in the configuration of a typical farm gun of the mid 19th century. However, there is one more bit of reported history, probably the most interesting. When purchased, it had a tag on it with a story that is so outrageous it is likely to be true, as no one making up a story would come up with one like this. The tag reads “’Muzzleloader’ Shotgun. Made in Germany about 1800.[sic]. Story goes- Used by Union soldier to shoot self in foot to avoid fighting in Civil War. Found on Schindel farm in Hagerstown, MD.” The “Schindel farm” on the Maryland Trust Inventory of Historic Properties is about 6 miles southeast of Hagerstown, and about 8 miles northeast of the Antietam battlefield. There are several other farms with Schindel as part of the name, more or less in the same general area. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862, as part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It is the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with a combined tally of dead, wounded, and missing at 22,717. My guess is that this story has some truth to it, and that either the soldier was a militia man who had this gun, or deserted his unit and found this gun on a farm and used it to disable himself as his unit headed towards the battle. Or, maybe he was a draft dodger who got out of serving months before or after the battle of Antietam. In any case, this is not the sort of story usually made up to impress people with an old gun, but it comes with the gun and you are free to accept it, or decide it is nonsense. This is a good looking “olde gun” for decorative use as well as for its interesting, albeit speculative, historical background. Great for any old house, and especially one circa 1750-1870. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $455.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 11580 U.S. MODEL 1896 KRAG CARBINE (CUT DOWN RIFLE) - Serial number 99890 which is far from any carbines, and in the middle of a long run of rifles (Most with nearby numbers having served with the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry in 1898). Barrel is definitely a rifle barrel which has been neatly cut to 22 inch carbine length and the front sight neatly relocated. At one time a commercial front sight held with a screw had been installed, and an almost imperceptible bump is visible in the bore where the screw hole was plugged. Bore is about good-- fairly clean but with some scattered slightly rough spots and worn rifling. The good news is that this uses a genuine M1896 carbine stock, with a good JSA 1901 cartouche and legible circle P. (Krag enthusiasts have noted a number of other M1896 rifles and carbines with 1901 cartouches although no one seems quite sure why Springfield was assembling obsolete arms then.) The stock has a neatly done repair at the rear of the magazine well on the left side, and a butt swivel inletting has been very neatly filled. This is the short style 1896 carbine stock, but arsenal made without inletting for a saddle ring bar. It has an original short carbine handguard which is nearly impossible to find for restoration projects. The rear sight is from a M1896 rifle which has different graduations and two other tiny details that no one will notice which differ from the carbine sight. Metal parts with about 60-70% thinning blue finish, and the stock is near excellent. A handsome gun which will be an inexpensive filler for a M1896 carbine at a significant dollar saving while sacrificing nothing in appearance. Visually this is nearly identical to what Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders carried. This was made in early 1898 and is an ANTIQUE so no FFL is needed. $795.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 17207 SPENCER MODEL 1865 .56-50 CALIBER BREECH LOADING CARBINE- MADE BY BURNSIDE - Serial number 7483A made by the Burnside Rifle Company which produced 34,000 of these in 1865, while the Spencer Repeating Rifle Company made about 23,000 in 1865-66. These were important technological advances in cavalry armament with their seven shot magazine and self contained metallic cartridges. The basic Spencer design had proven its value during the Civil War when some 50,000 Model 1860 carbines were purchased in .56-56 caliber (actually a .52 caliber bore). The .56-50 cartridge had been adopted as standard for most of the cartridge arms in the later months of the war, and thus it was desired to replace the well used Model 1860s with new Spencers in the new standard caliber. This was a high enough priority that even as the Civil War ended and hundreds of thousands of small arms (mostly obsolete muzzle loaders) were turned in, the Army went through with purchase of the Model 1865 Spencers to ensure the drastically downsized Army in the West fighting Indians, or occupying the South would be well armed. Perhaps the fact that the Burnside Rifle Company was owned by the politically well connected former Union General Ambrose Everett Burnside (for whom flamboyant sideburns are named) had something to do with this contract being completed while others were canceled, but who knows. The Model 1865 was somewhat lighter than the 1860 due to the smaller caliber and barrel length being 20 inches instead of 22, and they were the standard arm for most cavalry units unit the .45-70 trapdoors arrive in the mid-1870s. Indeed, some speculate that Custer may have done better if his troops had kept their Spencers instead of the new trapdoors. This is a very handsome example in excellent condition with about 90% dulling original blue on the barrel, and the case colors on the action mostly faded and flaked to a gray-silver mix. The walnut stock and forend have nice original oil finish with very few dings or bruises. While Burnside made 34,000 of these, 30,500 went to the Army, and the remainder went to the civilian market, and since this has no inspector marks or cartouch, this is probably one of the latter, identical to the military guns except for the absence of those marks. The Burnsides used three groove rifling and the bore on this one is near excellent. About 19,000 of the Burnside M1865s had the Stabler magazine cutoff, the remainder (including this one) without, and they are slightly more desirable. The “A” suffix on the serial number is unusual, and I checked with two of the most advanced Spencer collectors and neither one had seen this before or had any explanation, so that remains a mystery. Overall an exceptionally nice example of a Spencer carbine, with a few unusual attributes that may appeal even more to an advanced collector. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $2495.00 (View Picture)

13546 U.S. MODEL 1819 HALL BREECHLOADING RIFLE MADE IN 1832- PERCUSSION CONVERSION - The first breechloading rifle adopted by the U.S. military (or any other nation!), and the first to be made with 100% interchangeable parts. A total of about 55,000 Hall rifles and carbines were made 1819-1853 by Harpers Ferry and Simeon North of Middletown, CT. These were loaded from the breech by placing the powder into the open breech then pressing the ball into place, with no need for a ramrod, so they can be loaded in the prone position. They were popular with mounted troops because they were far more convenient to load on horseback than the traditional muzzle loaders. These have very shallow sixteen groove rifling, at a time when other military rifles had seven deep grooves. Halls also had about 1.5 inches at the muzzle bored out slightly oversize to facilitate loading from the muzzle in an emergency. Hall rifles were used in the Blackhawk, Seminole and Mexican wars. However, the novelty eventually wore off, and cheapskate Congress decided cheaper muzzle loaders were good enough. Many of the late production Hall rifles remained in storage and were converted to percussion at the start of the Civil War, and several thousand were issued (by both sides). However, by the end of 1862, all the Halls seem to have been retired from service. This rifle is one of the ones converted to percussion circa 1861, but by whom is uncertain. Previous owner claimed the tiny marks on the receiver indicate a Fayetteville Arsenal Confederate conversion, but I cannot confirm that. Overall condition is a bit rough, with salt and pepper pitting mixed with surface rust and patina. If desired, you could go ahead and do a thorough cleaning, taking everything down to bare metal, and then apply a “brown” type finish available from muzzle loader supply places to replicate the original brown finish, but it was actually a lacquer process, not the rust brown. Stock is good, free from the usual splitting behind the receiver from idiots taking it apart wrong, but there is an old age crack along the grain on the left side in the receiver area. Bore is good, but dirty in the grooves and needs a good cleaning but should clean to fine-excellent. The previous owner claimed they had fired this one, and it may be an instructive experience to do so (if you feel lucky) but we sell all guns as collector items only. Overall a good representative example, even in less than spectacular condition, of a very important and innovative U.S. military firearm. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $1895.00 (View Picture)

1087 RARE- MOSTLY ORIGINAL U.S. MODEL 1892 .30-40 KRAG RIFLE (RESTORATION PROJECT) - Serial number 8991. The original Model 1892 Krag rifles began production in 1894, after a delay caused by complaints over the adoption of a “foreign” instead of domestic invention. Only about 24,562 Model 1892 rifles were made. In 1900 Springfield Armory recalled all of them still in service and updated them to Model 1896 configuration. Some 18,559 are documented as being converted, but as Mallory notes in his book “…evidently many of these unconverted rifles were lost of destroyed in service or were scrapped, because unaltered Model 1892 rifles are extremely scarce.” The consensus among advanced collectors is that they are about as scarce as Gas Trap Garands, or M1903 Rod Bayonet rifles or Pedersen devices, with perhaps 50 but no more than 100 surviving examples of each of these rarities. The Model 1892 differed from the Model 1896 mostly by having a full length cleaning rod mounted under the barrel, and the buttplate was flat, not curved at the toe, the handguard is shorter, not covering the ring of the receiver. The muzzle is flat, not crowned, and there is no hold open pin on the extractor or corresponding notch on the receiver. There are a number of other smaller details, and within the Model 1892 there were a number of evolutionary changes made, but you can read about them in the Mallory or Brophy books on Krags. This has a M1892 UNMODIFIED receiver which has never had the notch added for the bolt stop when M1892 rifles were upgraded to M1896 configuration. It has an ORIGINAL unmodified M1892 stock with very legible original JSA 1895 cartouche and circle P and the original flat buttplate, but sadly has been cut off at the lower band. However, this can be restored using a new forend and adding a cleaning rod groove in the forend section, and installation of an early (unslotted) upper band. Since original M1892 upper bands are virtually extinct, you can epoxy on a metal insert as a guide for the rod. S&S has excellent repro M1892 cleaning rods so that is the easy part. The action is marked on the left side 1894 SPRINGFIELD ARMORY 8991 and the sideplate and loading gate have matching numbers. Exterior metal surfaces are mostly a mix of dull brown patina mixes with dull steel gray. The visible surface are free from pitting, but there is some moderate pitting on the barrel below the wood line. Bore has strong rifling, but is worn and dark in the grooves, not real bad, not real good. Bolt is the (scarce) correct type for this serial number range with the square rib. Bolt sleeve is the correct 1892 knurled type. The M1896 extractor has been altered to remove the bolt stop pin, so it looks like the M1892. The cocking piece has the sloped bottom, instead of being square, and the firing pin is the later type with a rounded cut instead of square. Magazine cutoff an early long style with the coiled spring and plunger instead of the leaf spring, but this was not adopted until a few thousand number higher. The handguard is the correct original Model 1892 short type. Initials WFP lightly scratched on the bottom of the stock ahead of the trigger guard but not very noticeable. With the addition of a forend, upper band and cleaning rod, this will be a good representative example of the very rare Model 1892 Krag, and mostly original. When completed, only the most advanced collectors will be able to tell the difference without making a very close inspection of every detail. The extreme scarcity of surviving unmodified M1892 rifles eliminates the chances for most collectors to ever own one. So this may be as close as you will get, and the price for this restoration project example is much more affordable. Antique, no FFL needed. $1995.00 (View Picture)

**HOLD** 18651 U.S. MODEL 1861 .58 CALIBER SPRINGFIELD RIFLE MUSKET- SUPER BORE! BUT--- - At first glance with is an above average example of the classic Model 1861 .58 caliber Springfield which was the main arm of the Union army by the end of the Civil War, although there were dozens of other arms in service as well. The .58 caliber “Minie ball” was a lethal projectile, and reasonably accurate out to about 500 yards, although few solders had even the most basic marksmanship training to use it at much more than traditional smoothbore ranges. This has a superb bore, bright and sharp, although in need of a cleaning, and with only one thumb size patch of light roughness about a foot from the muzzle that should not interfere with excellent shooting performance, should your gunsmith approve it. (We sell all guns as collector items only and they must be approved by a competent gunsmith prior to firing.) All metal parts are Model 1861 except for the ramrod which is a modern reproduction. The lockplate is dated 1864, and M1861 production ended in 1863, but during cleaning and rebuilding and private owners in the last 150 years such switching of parts is commonplace. Metal parts ore mostly dull steel gray with some cleaned long ago, some in need of cleaning to remove scatters stains and light patina. Nipple is excellent and clear. The stock, however, is a Model 1863 (Type 2) which was made for a ramrod with a fatter rod section, and used different bands that were narrower, and had a ramrod keeper spring (“spoon”). A previous owner very carefully cut the shoulder of wood at the rear of each ban back about 3/16” so the flat and wider M1861 bands would be properly engaged by the band spring. This is only noticeable if you remove the bands and note the hand work there, or by careful measurement or side by side comparison with a totally correct M1861. Most people would not even recognize this if pointed out, and sadly some dealers would opportunistically neglect to point it out. We want you to know exactly what you are getting, and not be surprised. The stock is sound, with assorted minor dings and lightly cleaned long ago. This will be fine as a representative example of the classic Civil War .58 caliber “Minie rifle”, or potentially a good shooter. A really picky collector who intends to get the full .58 caliber family (M1855, 1861, 1863 Type 1 and 1863 Type 2) may want to wait and get one that is totally correct. Price reflects the reality of what it is. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed $1095.00 (View Picture)

18589 U.S. MODEL 1896 .30-40 KRAG RIFLE CUT TO CARBINE SIZE- CHEAP! - Serial number 101834, made in early 1898 just before the changeover to the Model 1898 rifles. At some point this was cut down by Bubba, probably to decimate the Bambi population in his backward hometown. This was a cottage industry among gunsmiths, blacksmiths and abortionists during the depression era when money and food were scarce and no one thought of Krags other than “cheap old obsolete guns” and chopping them up for deer rifles was insanely popular. In this case, it amounted to whacking the barrel off to 22 inches (carbine length) and installing a M1903 Springfield front sight assembly. Also, chopping the stock back to the lower band and slimming it a bit, revealing a lot of heavy pitting in the barrel below the old wood line. Then, drilling plenty of holes and making a dovetail for an endless assortment of sights or scope blocks on the barrel. Bore is worn, dark and rough. Fortunately, the receiver escaped butchery, except for a bit removed form the sideplate for a receiver mounted sight that used the cutoff hole and needed no drilling or tapping. Thus the receiver is pretty good with only a little pitting on the ring, otherwise just turning stained and patina but ready to be salvaged for other uses. The bolt body is M1898 with the longer flat on the bottom, and the cutoff is missing, otherwise the action is complete and VG-fine condition. Stock is as shown in the photos, slimmed at the front, but you might be able to reshape the tip to the “short” carbine configuration, or a reasonable facsimile. This is basically a bargain action with a free barrel and stock, but might be fixed up enough for use as a reenactor carbine, or even rebarreled for use as a deer rifle. We are selling as parts only, not a shootable firearm due to the numerous holes in the barrel, but maybe your gunsmith would tell you it is okay to shoot as is, although we would not. CHEAP! And since it was made in 1898, it is an ANTIQUE and no FFL is needed for purchase. $365.00 (View Picture)

22890 PARKER-HALE PERCUSSION WHITWORTH SNIPER RIFLE WITH HEXAGONAL BORE .451 CALIBER - Serial number 34484. A top quality replica of one of the most famous Civil War sniper rifles, in almost new condition. Sir Joseph Whitworth was a British engineering and manufacturing genius in the mid 19th Century. His achievements include the standardization of measurements and the “Whitworth thread” standards for English industry and all sorts of machine tools and mechanical inventions. Among these was a design for rifling barrels with a hexagonal bore and swaging hexagonal bullets to be fired from them. This was applied not only to rifle noted for their exceptional accuracy (out to 1,000 or even 2,000 yards!), but also to cannons made on the same principle, several of which were used by the Confederates. Whitworth rifles were prized by target shooters in England, and by Confederate snipers, sometimes fitted with telescopic sights. Today, originals are unaffordable for all but the wealthiest collectors. Parker Hale, in Birmingham, England, began making high quality replicas of .577 Enfield rifle muskets in 1972, referring to the original sealed pattern gauges, making them a virtual “second generation” production run but identical to the originals, much like Colt did with their percussion guns. The Birmingham made Parker Hale rifles are most desirable, but Parker Hale got out of the muzzle loader business in the 1990s, and sold their tooling to the Italian firm Euroarms, which continued production with the same the very high quality standards, as well as use of the Parker-Hale name. In 2011 Euroarms ceased operations and was acquired by Davide Pedersoli. Although Pedersolid continues to make some of the old Parker Hale line, apparently the Whitworths have not been made for several years, and are impossible to find, except for some Dixie Gun Works branded guns which always seem to be inferior to other makers. This rifle was made in 1998 by Euroarms under the Parker-Hale brand, according to the “BL” date code in the Italian proof mark, reportedly still using barrels made in Birmingham. Overall fit and finish is excellent, with only a few tiny handling blemishes on the walnut stock picked up over the last 15 years to distinguish it from new. Handsome deep blue finish on the barrel and bands, and attractive color case hardening on the lock assembly, with maybe a tiny scratch or two at worst. I think the previous owner fired this a couple of rounds and then cleaned it and put it away, so it is almost new condition. The front sight is a bit loose in its dovetail, but easily fixed. Beautiful hexagonal bore. However, hexagonal bullets or molds are expensive and very hard to find with lots of quality issues, so most shooters use cylindrical bullets, often with paper patches, sometimes the Lyman 457121 mold which is 475 grains, or the 457132 which is 525 grains. There are lots of opinions and tips on firing these, but cleaning after every shot seems to be necessary for top accuracy, and lots of experimentation. Google is your friend to find the many threads on this topic. An exceptionally handsome example, albeit a replica, of one of the most famous sniper rifles of the Civil War, and a great starting point for a sniper rifle collection, or a shooter for those willing to work up a good load. ANTIQUE- no FFL required. $1495.00 (View Picture)

20875 U.S. MODEL 1870 .50-70 “TRAPDOOR” SPRINGFIELD RIFLE- SCARCE! - (No serial number- correct for this model, although the M1868 and M1873 rifles were numbered.) A good representative example of this fairly scarce trapdoor. A total of only about 11,531 of these were made 1870-1873, compared to 52,145 Model 1868 or 52,300 Model 1866 rifles. These were very similar to the Model 1868 except for the shorter nose on the front of the receiver, the same length as was later used in the .45-70s. As with the earlier model, the 1870 continued to cut costs by using many parts salvaged from the hundreds of thousands of obsolete .58 caliber muskets on hand. The locks, most stock furniture and the stocks themselves were used with whatever minor modification were necessary. Unlike the first .50-70 rifles, the Model 1870s seem to have used newly made barrels instead of sleeved musket barrels. Good mechanics although the tumbler and hammer screw were replaced using old original parts. Bore is about good with strong rifling and shootable (in my opinion) but with roughness most of the way so it will not be as accurate as a really great bore. The stock is solid, showing considerable wear and use, but no major defects. This has a 1864 dated lock, reflecting the thrifty recycling of musket parts, and the breech block is correctly marked “MODEL 1870.” This rifle has been poorly stored and is, frankly, sort of ugly right now. It could use a good cleaning to return it to a bright finish appearance. Most of the metal parts are stained dark, or have a smooth brown patina but very little in the way of crusty rust or pitting, so a good cleaning should leave very nice results. (The receiver and breech block had a blackened finish, so pretty much leave those alone.) The buttplate, however, is heavily rusted and has a large dent in the heel, so it would be best to replace this with another buttplate. Or, if you are lazy, or are a member of the “I like them all original, including original rust” school of collectors, you can just leave it as is. Overall, a presentable example of a pretty scarce model of the Springfield “Trapdoor” rifle family at a very modest price. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $795.00 (View Picture)

19661 CIRCA 1808-1812 FLINTLOCK MILITIA STYLE MUSKET- CONVERTED TO PERCUSSION - This has a 41 inch barrel, .69 caliber and the three barrel bands have the springs to the rear, typical of the guns based on the 1763 Charleville patterns, and made prior to 1812 when forward facing bandsprings became standard. Probably made circa 1808-1812 to fill a militia contract or for private sale to individuals seeking to meet the 1792 Militia Act requirement that every man have a musket. Only visible markings anywhere are a faint “8” on the buttplate tang, probably the final 8 in 1808 date, and the inside of the lockplate has forgers marks WC but I do not know which maker(s) that might relate to. The barrel welding is poor quality, with obvious flaws about a foot from the muzzle, carefully oriented so it is hidden by the stock when assembled, but the bore seems okay inside. So it has not burst…yet, so don’t even think about shooting this one! The lock was originally flint, and converted to percussion using a drum type alteration, and would be easy to convert back to percussion with repro parts. The metal parts were heavily cleaned many years ago. When we got it, the metal had all been painted black, and the stock had a thick layer of nasty old varnish. We stripped the paint and varnish, and it looks pretty darn good now, very close to its original service appearance. During its period of use, the nose of the stock comb was cut back slightly, or maybe it was made that way originally. Militia pattern muskets varied much more from official patterns than federal contract guns, and quality ranged from quite good, the same as feds purchased, to junk assembled from rejected parts foisted off on states, or impoverished farmers. I suspect this is towards the latter end of the spectrum. Still, a very handsome genuine 200 year old American military musket reflecting our citizen-soldier heritage and the evolved nature of firearms which were updated to continue their usefulness for decades after originally made. This is a good representative example of any of the flintlock muskets from the Revolution though the early federal period as modified to percussion, and can also be a very handsome decorative piece of history in an old house of that period. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $695.00 (View Picture)

**HOLD** 18208 SCARCE MODEL 1895 WINCHESTER LEE NAVY STRAIGHT PULL 6mm RIFLE - Serial number 9628, marked on the receiver ring -U.S.N.- /[anchor]/ No. 9628/ N.C.T (for inspector Lt. Nathan C. Twining). A potentially fine representative example of this historic type rifle, but in desperate need of a good thorough cleaning to remove accumulated grime and some light surface rust. This was in a smoker’s house, and you can smell the stink, and the smoke leaves a thin film of residue on guns that usually cleans off okay. This model rifle features an unusual straight pull action and extremely small bore (.236 inch or 6mm bullet diameter) when most military rifles had just made the change from about .45 caliber down to .30 caliber (11mm to 8mm in Europe). These were the standard U.S. Marine Corps rifle during the Spanish American War and the Boxer Rebellion, although replaced soon afterwards in the interest of having all services using the same .30-40 Krag ammunition and rifles. (A nifty policy that was soon abandoned when the Army began issuing M1903 Springfields.) The Navy also used the Winchester Lee rifles. Only about 15,000 were purchased for military use, making them twice as scarce as M1903A4 sniper rifles. They were the first U.S. military arms to be loaded with a clip, and the first smallbore service rifle adopted, and the first of two "straight pull" designs used by U.S. Forces. (The other being the 20,000 Ross rifles obtained from Canada during WW1.) The walnut stock is generally excellent with assorted very minor storage and handling dings. Handguard is original and undamaged. Complete with the often missing front sight cover. Action is mechanically excellent. Metal parts with about 990-95% original blue finish which has turned plum in some areas and is mixed with light rush freckles. The buttplate has some heavier rust, but should clean up with little or no pitting. Bore is somewhat worn and filthy, but should clean to about good, but since 6mm ammo is not readily available, not a big deal. Right now, this is not a very attractive rifle, but when cleaned up it will be significantly nicer. I just don’t have time to do the cleaning now, so the price reflects a significant reduction from what this would be worth if cleaned. This rifle was made sometime in 1897 and is therefore an antique with no FFL needed. $2250.00 (View Picture)

SMOF5980 - U.S MODEL 1884 .45-70 CADET RIFLE (SECOND TYPE) - Serial number 215289.  This is one of the earlier standard infantry rifles which was converted by Springfield Armory (NOT Bannerman) to Cadet style in 1895, when 1,800 were so converted, or 1901 when 5,000 were converted.  This involved shortening the forend about 3 inches, slimming the butt and installing the narrower cadet style buttplate, which was also converted from the regular buttplate and is visibly thicker than usual.  Barrels were shortened about 3 inches and tapered to accept the bayonet and the front sight replaced.  Overall excellent with about 90% arsenal blue finish remaining, thinning in places, and picking up some plum color here and there. Good case colors on the tang and breechblock.  Muzzle has the most wear from bayonet installation. 

Very handsome rifle.  Stock is lovely medium brown color with old oil finish from time of conversion, with a few very minor handling and storage dings, but nothing major.  No signs of cartouches, but as these were not "new" rifles, but rebuilt, they are found with cartouches in the 1895 lot, and often without in the 1901 batch.  Excellent bright shiny bore.  Cadet model rifles were made for issue to the cadets at West Point and other military schools and to what later would be called ROTC units.  Total production of all models (1873, 1877, 1879 and 1884 type 1 and 2) of the cadet rifle were about 65,000 or about the same quantity as trapdoor carbines.  Most cadet rifles were badly abused and really nice ones are tough to find.  While not quite in the minty category, this is a well above average example, and interesting to show the thrifty side of the Ordnance Department which altered early trapdoor infantry rifles (made obsolete by adoption of the ramrod bayonet in 1888) into cadet rifles to fill the growing demand for that type.  Every collector needs one of these to complete their collection of Springfield trapdoors.  ANTIQUE, no FFL needed.  $1095.00 (View Picture)

17359 LONDON ARMOURY COMPANY- POSSIBLE CONFEDERATE- PATTERN 1853 .577 “ENFIELD” RIFLE MUSKET - London Armoury Company was founded in 1859 by several British arms makers (including Robert Adams, Blackett Beaumont, and James Kerr) taking over the patents and machinery formerly used by Deane Adams & Dean for making revolvers. London Armoury company became famous for their high quality production of Kerr revolvers and machine made Enfield rifle muskets. In early 1861 Confederate agent Caleb Huse succeeded in getting London Armoury Company to commit to selling him their entire output. First they had to deliver some 1200 rifles on a Massachusetts contract which was completed by September, 1861. Eventually some 70,000 muskets were sold to the Confederacy. Thus, most London Armoury Enfields can be considered to be Confederate, realizing that there was the small Massachusetts contract, and that many rifles paid for by Huse ended up being captured by the Union Navy blockade fleet and diverted to use by federal forces. And a few may have been sold to other buyers. There is no way to tell for sure about a specific gun exactly where it may have served. At least this one doe NOT have the usual British crown over VR or other British military inspector marks which would be found on arms delivered to the crown, and unlikely to have reached America during the war. (Exception- the crown marked middle band, which may be a period or later collector replacement.) This is a standard 3-band rifle musket with 39 inch barrel, brass buttplate and trigger guard with a mellow old patina, and Baddley clamping bands. Front and rear sights are intact and not boogered by shooters. The lockplate markings are nicely engraved “LONDON ARMOURY.” and no date. The barrel is mostly dull steel gray mixed with some staining, and also having the expected light roughness and fine pitting around the breech. The European walnut stock shows normal shrinkage so that the buttplate stands a bit proud and the bands do not clamp real tightly. It has the usual assortment of minor dings and bruises, but no cracks, repairs or even significant dings to point out. Even the often rotted wood behind the nipple area is intact. Totally untouched and uncleaned. The bore is very sharp and smooth, although in need of a good cleaning. 31 over 31 stamped on the buttplate tang. The sling swivels have been removed, but very few troops actually used slings during the Civil War, so that was probably done during the period of use. A good solid representative Civil War imported Enfield .577 three band rifle musket, and quite likely a Confederate import. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $2350.00 (View Picture)

22467 U.S. NAVY DUMMY TRAINING RIFLE, MARK I (M1903 SPRINGFIELD TYPE) W/ SLING - Rifles were desperately needed for front line troops during WW2, leading to the purchase of dummy rifles for use in basic training to teach marching and close order drill, etc. This made hundreds of thousands of "real" rifles available for issue to troops in combat units, or advanced training. The Parris-Dunn Corporation of Clarinda, Iowa, produced a full size replica of the Model 1903 Springfield, and the Navy bought 300,000 and the Army got 200,000 more. These were marked on the buttplate “U.S.N./ Dummy Rifle/Mark I” along with the maker’s name. Nearly identical versions were sold as the “Victory Trainer,” and smaller versions were made for commercial sales until a few years ago. The Dummy Rifle Mark I continued in ceremonial use in some Naval commands well into the 1970s. This example has about 85-90% original finish- blued metal parts (turning plum) and correct black painted bolt and trigger guard parts. However, the front sight and the stamped sheet metal rear sight are missing. The lower band is the painted type, not the sheet metal type found on some. Wood parts with original stained and painted finish, and very few storage and handling dings for a 60 year old item. Small crack in the wrist area but not bad. Buttplate marked "DUMMY TRAINING RIFLE/ MARK I - U.S.N./ PARRIS-DUNN CORP/ CLARINDA IOWA" has some original blue finish, along with scars from use and a bit of rust around the edges. Maybe you have a boogered up example you can salvage the sights from to restore this. This comes with an original WW2 issue M1907 leather sling made by MILSCO, but it is very stiff and dry and best left in place. A must for any M1903 Springfield collector. Not a firearm, no FFL or paperwork needed, and not even banned in Kalifornia, yet. $135.00 (View Picture)

5859 U.S. Model 1896 .30-40 Krag Rifle- (Philadelphia elite “State Fencibles” used??) - Serial number 104641 all matching original and correct except for missing handguard. This is the type of rifle used by most of the U.S. regulars, and some of the volunteers in the Spanish American War and the Philippine Insurrection. This one is unusual in the markings on the stock, neatly stamped B/S.F./30. Initially I thought these may have indicated San Francisco Police usage, but they seem to have used SFP on their Colt Lightning rifles, and I was unable to verify the marks on any of the other guns they used. However the history of the State Fencibles specifically notes that they had Krag rifles circa 1908-1918 so I think that correctly matches the unit with this rifle, although there are no serial number records to verify anything. The State Fencibles were a Philadelphia militia unit founded in 1813 and active until the post Spanish American War era, serving in all the wars plus various riots or labor disputes. At end of the century, they broke ties with the new National Guard oversight requirements and after a lawsuit in 1901 regained possession of their old Armory, and continued as a quasi-military but primarily social club, lasting until at least 1980. In addition to periodic musters and encampments they participated in drill competition and the like with flamboyant uniforms, returning to the militia traditions of the 19th Century. Overall this rifle is in VG-fine condition. The barreled action was reblued long ago and about 95+% remains, but the other fittings seem to have the original finish now mostly turned plum and patina. The bolt body is darkened from handling, and is the correct 1896 type with the short flat underneath. This has the unslotted upper band and the correct M1896 rear sight and matching short front sight blade. The unsanded walnut stock has assorted minor and a few medium dings and bruises. I think there was a small crack extending back from the trigger guard (common on Krags) that was professionally repaired and nearly invisible. The bore has very strong rifling but is a bit dark (almost nasty, but not quite) and may or may not clean up a whole lot. This only needs a 1896 type handguard to be complete. The JSA/1896 cartouche and circle P are nice and legible, and the stock just has a mellow old original oil finish with nice sharp edges. A somewhat above average condition Model 1896 Krag rifle with the added feature of a possibly interesting history which nicely summarizes the American tradition of the volunteer soldier. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $895.00 (View Picture)

20131 CUSTER ERA TRAPDOOR CARBINE OR RIFLE RECEIVER (SERIAL NUMBER (24062) AND BREECHBLOCK - Serial numjber 24062 was made in 1874. Early Model 1873 Trapdoor rifles and carbines are very scarce because in the 1880s, most of the early guns were recalled and stripped down and the salvageable parts used to reassemble new rifles or carbines with the latest improvements, mainly for issue to the militia. Those are the ones with the “star” mark at the end of the serial number. Stock fittings, the locks, and some of the internal action parts were reused, but the barrels, receiver, breechblocks and stocks were all scrapped as not meeting current standards. They ended up in the hands of surplus dealers and many ersatz trapdoors were assembled with these parts, and Dixie Gun Works was selling low number trapdoor receivers until near the end of the 20th Century. Both rifles and carbines have been documents in the mid 20,000 range of serial numbers and there is no way to be sure if this came from a rifle or carbine, or where it might have served, but it is possible that it was a Custer gun, or at least well within the Custer serial number range. (It is also possible you may win the lottery next week, so understand possible is not proof.) This has been cleaned up and refinished with a color case hardened finish and is very attractive, if not totally authentic. The breechblock is the correct high arch type for that serial number range, with matching finish. Both receiver and block are stripped of all small parts, except the ejector permanently attached to the receiver. There is a FREE hinge pin (long one for the 1877 and later rifles, but missing the tiny tit at the bottom) to help hold the block in place. What you see is what you get, ideal for building up that :Custer range” gun as a filler for your collection. Better grab this before someone from a big gambling city snatches it up and we see it as a complete carbine with an elaborate history in a few months. $350.00 (View Picture)

**STOLEN BY PERSON IN PORTLAND, OR AREA, or possibly a long haul trucker. $500 reward for return of this item or information leading to arrest and conviction of the thief, who got several other antique arms from other dealers by credit card fraud... $100 reward if you are first to spot this on an auction site.** 12036 U.S. MODEL 1863 TYPE II .58 CALIBER RIFLE MUSKET - Made at Springfield in 1864 and so marked on the lockplate. Barrel date not visible. Excellent bore. This is a good representative example of a .58 caliber Civil War musket, although not in the best condition. Basically a "brown gun" except for the trigger guard which has about 90-95% arsenal blue and must have been taken from a trapdoor (parts are identical except for being left bright on the M1855-1870 and blued on the M1873-1888 trapdoors. Otherwise all original and correct parts. Stock has been broken through he wrist and repaired long ago, but is not real tight and should be redone with epoxy which will make it stronger than the original wood. The stock has been sanded, but not badly. Metal parts (except trigger guard) mostly have a layer of brown patina/rust, with some light pitting under some areas, most notably around the nipple. Displays okay as is, or could be polished up with 320 emery cloth if you prefer the original bright look. The M1863 (type 2) which is sometimes called the M1864, was the highpoint in the development of the rifle musket for Infantry use, and the next year was replaced by the first of the Allin breechloding "trapdoors." The M1863 (Type 2) differed from the M1863 only in having the rounded bands retained by band springs instead of merely screw clamps. The M1863 differed from the M1861 which had flat bands retained by bandsprings, and the nipple bolster set out a bit further and having a clean out screw instead of an angled flash hole, and used a "swell" in the ramrod to hold it in place instead of a screw plate. All the .58 rifle muskets fired a 500 grain (little over 1 ounce) soft lead Minie ball with a hollow base. When the 60 grains of black powder was ignited by the flash from the percussion cap, the expanding gasses expanded the rear of the Minie ball to engage the rifling. Sights are provided for 100, 300 and 500 yards, but masses of troops could be engaged at ranges up to 1,000 yards. With a rate of fire of about 3 rounds per minute, and its long range, the .58 caliber rifle muskets forced dramatic changes in tactics from the massed formations used for the preceding several hundred years. Many collectors have a musket from the Civil War as a logical starting point for a collection of "modern" military rifles. This one comes with a good quality reproduction sling. Civil War muskets are getting more expensive but this one is affordable (due to the flaws) and has the potential to be much nicer after the stock has been repaired properly. $995.00 (View Picture)

 


Non-Military Antique American Longarms (Kentucky Rifles, pre-1898 Winchesters, etc)

**NEW ADDITION** 15533 A GUN WITH A STORY- REV WAR FLINTLOCK MUSKET CONVERTED TO PERCUSSION AND USED IN THE CIVIL WAR - During the American Revolution (1775-1783) large numbers of muskets were imported from Europe, and some were captured on the battlefield, many needing repairs and some good only to be salvaged for usable parts to assemble new arms. This musket, or fowling piece, is a gun made from such salvaged Rev War parts, probably circa 1780-1812. Most of the American population lived in rural areas, pushing the frontier westward across the Appalachians and into the Mississippi River valley. Thus, most of the population needed firearms of some sort for hunting game or protection from marauding Indians or outlaws. Most Americans were poor farmers and unable to buy the high art “Kentucky rifles” so beloved by collectors today. They would be happy with just about anything that would shoot. And, the Militia Act of 1792 required every man to have a musket for militia duty, so there was a strong demand for arms of any quality. This gun mixes a French Model 1763 (+/-) military lock marked Maubeuge Manuf. Rle. typical of those on the French “Charleville” arms graciously supplied by our allies during the Revolution. (But, only because it was in France’s interest to arm us since we were also enemy of their enemy- England.) The barrel is likely from the same model, but cut down to about 36 ½” length. The stock, however, is American, having almost the form of a rifle stock, made of what appears to be maple. The lower ramrod pipe is from a British Brown Bess style gun, and the trigger guard also shows English influence. The Brass buttplate might be from a salvaged musket, or locally made. The lock screws pass through two washers, one with a sort of oval and the other a comma, a classic feature found on many New England made guns. This is very close to some arms described as being made by Rufus Perkins in Bridgewater, Massachusetts circa 1812. (See George Moller’s American Military Shoulder Arms, Volume 2, pages 230-231, item 144Q2.) Moller has seen two of these, with 36-37 inch pin fastened barrels, and a butt similar to this one with somewhat of a Roman nose rifle style rather than a typical musket club butt, along with the New England side washers. Moller states these were made for private sale to individuals or militia companies, alluding to either “armory style” with band fastened barrels, or “New England Militia musket style with pin fastened barrels. I think it is about 75% probable this is a gun assembled by Rufus Perkins circa 1800-1812. At some point the stock was painted red, now worn thin, but clearly a paint job. At one time this was common on guns intended for trade with the Indians, more or less because they had always made them that way (originally to disguise the wretched wood used in the cheaply made guns) but eventually the Indians came to expect the red paint. Other times, people painted guns or stocks for preservation, or on a whim, so no one can say for sure why this stock was painted red. Perkins did have a U.S. contract for 20 Indian trade guns in 1808 but Moller is convinced that none were delivered, so we can only speculate on the paint. The gun may have been used in New England, or perhaps a New England soldier carried it to the mid-Atlantic states during the War of 1812. Or maybe the owner migrated and took it with him. Eventually it was converted to percussion, probably circa 1830-1850 and altered to a half-stock for hunting or hog butchering. A thimble was soldered to the underside of the barrel to hold the wooden ramrod at that time, but it has been lost over the years. In any event, it is now in the configuration of a typical farm gun of the mid 19th century. However, there is one more bit of reported history, probably the most interesting. When purchased, it had a tag on it with a story that is so outrageous it is likely to be true, as no one making up a story would come up with one like this. The tag reads “’Muzzleloader’ Shotgun. Made in Germany about 1800.[sic]. Story goes- Used by Union soldier to shoot self in foot to avoid fighting in Civil War. Found on Schindel farm in Hagerstown, MD.” The “Schindel farm” on the Maryland Trust Inventory of Historic Properties is about 6 miles southeast of Hagerstown, and about 8 miles northeast of the Antietam battlefield. There are several other farms with Schindel as part of the name, more or less in the same general area. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862, as part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It is the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with a combined tally of dead, wounded, and missing at 22,717. My guess is that this story has some truth to it, and that either the soldier was a militia man who had this gun, or deserted his unit and found this gun on a farm and used it to disable himself as his unit headed towards the battle. Or, maybe he was a draft dodger who got out of serving months before or after the battle of Antietam. In any case, this is not the sort of story usually made up to impress people with an old gun, but it comes with the gun and you are free to accept it, or decide it is nonsense. This is a good looking “olde gun” for decorative use as well as for its interesting, albeit speculative, historical background. Great for any old house, and especially one circa 1750-1870. ANTIQUE- No FFL needed. $455.00 (View Picture)

23015 UNUSUAL LEFT HAND .40 CALIBER HALF STOCK PERCUSSION RIFLE - Just the oddity you need to confuse and confound your gun buddies who will insist such things do not exist. Probably made circa 1840-1870. Lock is hand stamped with hard to read “T.F. MITORE/MAKER” but I cannot find any information on anyone with that name. The barrel is 32.5 inches long, about .40 caliber with a VG-fine bore, sharp lands and grooved but dark and dirty. The buttplate and a toe plate are brass, and the trigger guard is iron. I think this probably was made in the Mississippi River area somewhere between St. Louis and New Orleans, but that is just a hunch more than anything that I can actually document or verify. The octagon barrel is slightly swamped towards the muzzle which measures about 13/16” across the flats, with a simple blade front sight and extreme buckhorn style rear sight. There is an iron rib under the barrel and it once had two ramrod pipes, now missing. The lock was purpose made for use as a left hand, and appears to be made for rifles, not a double barrel shotgun lock that has been salvaged. Triggers are double set and they require some tinkering to make them work properly. The walnut stock is well made and inletted, but the design of the panel area around the lock and on the opposite side is awkward. Overall condition is about good, with the iron parts having a layer of brown patina, and the brass parts show heavy patina, and the wood is a mellow old oil type finish. A great decorator, or gun to be an example of the unusual “LEFT HAND” rifle. $325.00 (View Picture)



Foreign Antique Longarms (Military and non-military)

**NEW ADDITION** 7733 RARE PORTUGUESE M1896 MANNLICHER CONVERTED TO MILITARY .22 RIMFIRE TRAINING RIFLE IN 1946 - Serial number 710 matching on receiver, barrel and bolt assembly, mismatched trigger guard and stock. Information on these is hard to track down, although there are some contradictory claims made on several internet forums. (You know they are all true, they are on the internet!) Here are links to the three that I thought were reasonably credible: http://randyrick.us/AustrianFirearms/rmportuguesemannlicher.htm http://forums.gunboards.com/showthread.php?9318-Portuguese-1896-Steyr-Mannlicher-and-22-trainer http://forums.gunboards.com/showthread.php?9256-Portuguese-Steyr-Mannlicher-M1893 Apparently Portugal purchased 4,000 Cavalry carbines from Steyr in 1896, which were basically the same as the Romanian Model 1892, in 6.5 x 53mmR caliber, plus a smaller number of short rifles for the Navy, and an additional 4,500 Artillery carbines in 1898. This has the Steyr name and 1896 date on the left receiver rail. The receiver ring has traces of the crown and barely visible bits of the C and I (For Carlos the First) underneath that. In 1946 the Portuguese converted a few hundred of their Mannlichers to the 5.6mm (.22 Long Rifle) caliber for training. Some more were converted in 1948, and it seems that the later ones had a special target type rear sight, while the 1946 conversions retained the original military rear sight. The conversion included a new (or sleeved) barrel, alterations to the bolt face and firing pin, and plugging the magazine well with a wooden block to make the rifle a single shot. The rifle was arsenal refinished at the time of conversion, and about 97% of the blue remains. Good bore. A rare example of a rather unusual military .22 training rifle. This is a pretty popular collecting specialty, with lots of variety, from all over the world, and many examples are fairly affordable, and they can be inexpensive fun shooters. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $895.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 7725 SCARCE UNALTERED AND MATCHING- FRENCH MODEL 1866 CHASSEPOT 11mm NEEDLE-FIRE RIFLE- WITH BAYONET - Serial number N86873 matching on the receiver, barrel, bolt assembly and buttstock. Unsanded stock with sharp cartouche on right side with September, 1872, date of manufacture. Receiver is marked St. Etienne, and the original 1872 dated barrel by St. Etienne is still installed. Comes with a correct but non-matching Model 1866 bayonet and scabbard with impressively long Yataghan blade which makes this a formidable weapon when mounted on the rifle. The bayonet was also made at St. Etienne in October 1872, the month after the rifle was made, but a good match. The Model 1866 Chassepot was France’s initial attempt to arm its troops with a breechloading rifle, using a simple bolt action design. While a vast improvement over older muzzle loaders, the needle was fragile and the leather “O-ring” on the bolt to prevent gas leakage was not very effective after prolonged use. The needle gun used a paper cartridge which was inserted in the chamber, and there was a percussion cap or primer attached to the base of the bullet. The firing pin was a very long needle which had to penetrate the paper cartridge and the powder charge nearly two inches to reach the primer. However, the system worked, just as it had for the Prussians, who first adopted a needle-gun design in 1841 invented by Nicolas von Dreyse. But, needle guns were nowhere near as effective as the self contained metallic cartridges which were being used in the U.S. and elsewhere in 1865-1866. The French quickly figured out that a metallic cartridge was the way to go, and in 1874 introduce the Model 1874 Gras rifle, which was basically the Chassepot with the bolt modified slightly to eliminate the O-ring, add an extractor, and shorten the needle to a conventional firing pin to strike a primer in the base of the cartridge. Most of the Chassepots were converted to Gras configuration, making unaltered rifles fairly scarce. Especially scarce are Chassepot rifles that are not thoroughly trashed condition from multiple overhauls and years of neglect. I have seen scores of Gras rifles, and maybe a dozen Chassepots, but this is the only Chassepot seen which looked like it would clean up to be a really nice collector piece. This rifle is from John’s collection, and he did not get around to cleaning it up, but when this is done, it will be near excellent. The wood is dirty but should respond to a good cleaner, like Formby’s refinisher which will leave the cartouches sharp. The metal parts were originally finished bright, and one photo shows where a band was moved forward to expose the original finish on the barrel. It will be easy to remove the surface rust and patina from the steel parts with a palette knife lubricated with WD-40. If a bright finish is desired, a careful cleaning with 320 or 400 grit abrasive cloth will make this look great. The only exception will be the bolt handle and knob which have some moderate pitting. Excellent bore, if you have any 11mm needle gun ammo around. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $1095.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 20947 CIVIL WAR IMPORT M1844/1860 PIEDMONTESE RIFLED MUSKET- “ATTIC MINT!” - The Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia was an Italian state that was a major power in the 1850s, and expanded to become the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. The Piedmontese Model 1844/1860 was based on the French Model 1822 flintlock .69 caliber musket, but made in percussion, and after 1860 was rifled as well. These were made in Turin (Torino) as well as under contract in Liege, Belgium by August Francotte , and this was the first percussion long arm adopted by Piedmont. In 1862, U.S. arms buyer Marcellus Hartley reported he was ready to ship 2,000 of these muskets, and reportedly the 74th Pennsylvania Infantry ended up with them. This is a really superb example, in “attic mint” condition with scattered light surface rust and a few tiny dins in the wood, but otherwise unblemished. The stock has lot of figure or tiger stripe and a nice glowing patina. The four groove rifled bore is about excellent mostly bright and sharp with a few small dark spots that may or may not clean out. Sharp stock markings, and the AF marks and Belgian proofs on the barrel area also nice and sharp. Hundreds of thousands of long arms were imported during the Civil War, and many units carried imports throughout the war, so they are as historically significant at the Model 1861 or 1863 Springfields and the .577 Enfield muskets. This will be a really fantastic example with a tasteful cleaning. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $995.00 (View Picture)

**NEW ADDITION** 19088 PEABODY “SPANISH MODEL” SINGLE SHOT RIFLE MADE FOR FRANCE IN 1870- .43 SPANISH CALIBER- NICE! - (No serial number). The Peabody design with its falling block was patented in 1862, and proved to be simple, strong and reliable. It later was modified to become the Peabody-Martini which later evolved into the Martini-Henry. Although never adopted for U.S. military use, Peabodys were used by the militias of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York and South Carolina. Foreign armies using the Peabody included Canada, Switzerland, Romania, Spain, Mexico, France, and a huge number of Peabody Martini rifles went to Turkey, and a few to Japan. The Peabody rifles were all made by the Providence Tool Company, of Providence, RI, circa 1866-1871, and the Peabody Martinis until the demise of the company in 1885. The company was plagued by slow payments, and reduced or canceled contracts (sometimes due to the wartime failure of the armies equipped with their product, but more from failed leadership and training than from problems with the arms). France ordered 33,000 Peabody rifles in .43 Spanish caliber for use in the Franco-Prussian war, but the Frogs were whipped by the Germans so quickly that that most of the Peabody rifles were captured still in their shipping crates, or left undelivered. As late as 1925 Bannerman still had 2,000 of the rifles in new condition for sale. This rifle is one of the ones made for the French contract. They are best recognized by the WC cartouche on the stock (from factory inspectors, not unique to the French) and the crown over V proof applied by the Germans sometime after 1891 when they sold off the spoils of their war with France. Apparently never issued, this rifle has about 95% of the original blue finish, turning plum in places or with the beginning of light patina. The action retains about 95% strong and deep case colors. A bit of staining and rust on the buttplate tang. Barrel and band with about 98% original blue, with a few specks or small spots of light surface rust that should clean off. There is some finish wear near the muzzle from someone messing around putting a bayonet on it, probably one that did not fit which resulted in some scratches. Unsanded walnut stock with just the original oil finish and inspector marks. There are two small dings on the bottom of the forend shown in the photos, otherwise nothing worth mentioning. Bore is sharp and mirror bright except for a few spots of very light pitting or crud near the muzzle but should not interfere with shooting if your gunsmith approves this as safe to shoot. (We sell all guns as collector items only.) Overall this is a great looking example of an important rifle of the single shot military blackpowder rifle era. With just a bit of gentle cleaning it will look even nicer. For the full story on these interesting arms, get a copy of my friend Ed Hull's Providence Tool Company Military Arms. ANTIQUE- no FFL required. $1350.00 (View Picture)

18384 CHILEAN MODEL 1895 MAUSER RIFLE (7 x 57mm) SUPERB CONDITION! - Serial number E2564, matching except for the bolt sleeve 35 (last 2 digits) and the bolt body which matches but looks like it has been renumbered to match. Even the cleaning rod matches. Rally nice example of this classic South American Mauser with about 96-97% original finish. Just some wear on the sharp edges and the buttplate and on the bandspring for the lower band. Excellent walnut stock with sharp cartouche crest over 1895 on left side of butt. Assorted minor storage and handling bruises and dings in the wood. Chilean crest on receiver ring Left side marked MAUSER CHILENO MODELO 1895/ MANUFACTURA LOEWE BERLIN. Bore is cruddy and looks like maybe someone shot it and did not clean it properly, so it may not clean to much better than good, or maybe it will turn out better than that. Nice old gun that came in prior to 1968 so no ugly import marks. South American military rifles are a great collecting specialty with a large variety available, and most at rather modest prices still. Antique, no FFL needed. $595.00 (View Picture)

22112 SCARCE FRENCH GRAS 11mm CADET (“BATTALION ECOLE)” RIFLE CIRCA 1875- CUTE! - Serial number 2K123. This is a reduced size version of the French Model 1874 Gras rifle, using a shorter case cartridge and presumably much lighter load, and unable to load the regular 11 x 59mmR Gras ammunition. These cadet rifles us 11 x 48.5mmR cartridges, sometimes called 11 x 49,,R or 11 x 51mmR. The barrel is 27 ¾” long (instead of 32 inches for the full size Gras) and overall length is only 45 inches. These were made in France, although without the usual plethora for French stampings, only the serial number on the left rear of the receiver, a crown over C or G on the bolt and a few other parts, and a crown over script L mark on the side of the butt, and (inspector?) initials DB behind the trigger guard. The bore is about excellent, bright and sharp. Stocks is unsanded with only the original oil finish, but with assorted minor nicks and dings and one oil streak stain. The exterior metal is mostly dull steel mixed with some light staining and some extremely light surface rust that should come off with a good cleaning, or with a bit more work it could be restored to its original bright finish, if you like them that way. Again, this is not the full length infantry rifle with the 32 inch barrel, or the shorter Cavalry, Artillery or Gendarmerie versions, but a distinctly smaller scale overall version of the Infantry rifle, made specifically for cadet use. Note- there was also a similar size non-firing cadet rifle made, but with no chamber so no type of ammunition could be loaded, but this is the scarcer and more desirable live firing type. A scarce early single shot military arm to add to your French military rifle collection, and sure to draw more attention and questions than many of the other exotic variations that look like everything else. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $525.00 (View Picture)

20559 DUTCH BEAUMONT- VITALLI 11 x 52mmR RIFLE MADE IN 1875- WILL BE SPECTACULAR GUN WHEN CLEANED! - Serial number S75 matching on all numbered parts. The stock has a magnificent “tiger stripe grain for most of it length, but it has an old thick coat of darkened varnish that makes it much less attractive than it will be after stripping the varnish and a couple coats of linseed or tung oil. The metal parts have a very thin patina of surface rust and crud that need to be cleaned off, probably with some 400 grit abrasive to return the metal parts to their original bright appearance. The Vitalli magazine has traces of its black paint finish which could be left alone, or redone. Sharp 1875 manufacture date on barrel. Sharp cartouche on right side of butt consisting of MAASTRICHT, (The Dutch Arsenal where it was made), the royal cipher W, and date 1878. Left side of the receiver is lightly marked with a poorly struck MAASTRICHT under STEVENS, the name of the plant at Maastricht where the conversions to use the Vitalli magazine were made, and nearly all are similarly illegible. Unlike very other Beaumont Vitalli I have seen, the buttplate is NOT marked with a circa 1890 date and [serial?] number, presumably the date and serial number from the conversion. These were made as single shot rifles starting about 1873, and had the Vitalli magazines added in modifications circa 1890. These use an oddball 11 x 52mm rimmed cartridge you are unlikely to ever encounter, but are neat old rifles anyway, especially when you consider that the U.S. was still tinkering with single shot trapdoors while the Dutch Army had bolt action repeaters. Bore is great, but with no ammo, it really does not matter. This comes with a cleaning rod that I think is correct, but have seen so few that I am not sure, and it looks like it has had an inch or so cut off the end, but it looks good. Again this will be spectacular when cleaned up. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed $595.00 (View Picture)

22813 SWISS MODEL 1871 VETTERLI .41 RIMFIRE BOLT ACTION RIFLE MADE BY SIG, NEUHAUSEN - Serial number 85681 all matching Sometimes these are called the Model 1869/1871. These never used in combat (due to the Swiss policy of ensuring that all citizens were heavily armed skilled marksmen, not disarmed girly man peaceniks). The bolt action Vetterli rifle with its 11 round tubular magazine was adopted at a time when most nations were still diddling with single shots, or attempting cheapskate conversions of muzzle loaders. The U.S. Army was in love with Trapdoors, and rejected other options for more than 20 years after the Swiss adopted the Vetterli. The only downside of the Swiss Vetterli was the weak rimfire ammunition (nominally 10.4x46mmR). This rifle is the standard infantry model with 33 inch barrel. The Models 1869 and 1871 have the square checkering on the forend, while the later 1878 and 1881 models do not (but they had minor mechanical improvements and better sights). The 1869 had a sliding cover for the loading gate, which was eliminated on the 1871. Many of the Swiss rifles were sold off as surplus in the early to mid 20th century. Winchester loaded .41 rimfire ammo was loaded up until WW2. This rifle is in fine to excellent condition with about 90-95% of the original blue remaining although thinning. It looks a bit gray in the photos, but is actually a blue-gray shade, but definitely original, not touched up or anything. Buttplate suffers from a layer of rust due to poor storage, but the other parts are really nice. Walnut stock has assorted minor handling dings and bruises. Bore is excellent but irrelevant as you are unlikely to find any .41 Swiss ammo to shoot. This one even has the almost always missing cleaning rod. We get a lot of the Model 1878 and 1881 Vetterlis in minty condition but few of the M1871, and very seldom see any of the 1869 rifles. Swiss military arms are a varied and relatively inexpensive collecting niche. This is a good representative example of an uncommon, important and interesting rifle. $650.00 (View Picture)

21798 SCARCE SWISS MODEL 1870 VETTERLI SINGLE SHOT CADET RIFLE - Serial number 6058, made 1870-1873 by SIG, in Neuhausen, the only maker of this model. The single shot Model 1870 Cadet Rifle was authorized for production by the Eidgenossische Military Department on November 22nd, 1870. These were specifically made for cadet use, with a single shot action, one piece stock, 26.75” barrel and weight of 7.16 pounds. This was a big difference from the tubular magazine repeating rifle with a two piece stock used by infantry with a 33 inch barrel and weighing 10.4 pounds. Both were chambered for the 10.4 x 38mmR (or .41 Swiss) rimfire cartridge, but there was a special cadet cartridge with a lighter powder charge, although the regular service rounds will chamber and fire in the cadet rifles. No one seems to know the actual number of cadet rifles made, but this seems to be one of the highest serial numbers, so my guess would be maybe 7,500 or fewer total. Collecting Swiss rifles is an interesting and fairly affordable collecting specialty, and this is one of the hardest rifles to find. This example is in near excellent condition, with about 90% of the brown finish on the barrel, and about 80% faded color case hardening on the receiver, trigger guard and buttplate. The cleaning rod is the correct cadet type with a slotted brass tip. Good mechanics. The walnut stock was broken at the toe, and repaired long ago with a new piece of wood that shows a handful of small nails which held it in place, along with glue. It has been neatly finished and blends in nicely. Bore is excellent, like anyone has a bunch of .41 Swiss ammo to shoot or anything. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $775.00 (View Picture)

20032 RARE WW2 JAPANESE TRAINING RIFLE MADE FROM GERMAN MODEL 1888 MAUSER COMMISSION RIFLE - Serial number 3078c, originally made at Danzig in 1889 for German military use. This is unquestionably an item extensively modified and used in Japan as a training rifle, not one of the Turked up pieces of junk, or a crude Chinese “Han rifle” copy. Merely an interesting oddity to normal collectors, this is an exotic and little known treasure for advanced and obsessive Japanese rifle collectors. Confuse and confound your friends when you start to talk about your GERMAN made Model 1888 Jap rifle. I found there is almost no information available on these except for a brief mention of a similar (but not identical) rifle on Malcolm MacPherson’s superb “Non-Firing Drill and Training Rifles” page, where he shows a M1888 Mauser with barrel jacket and magazine removed and restocked to resemble the Type 38 rifles. However, this one retains the standard M1888 magazine, but had the barrel jacket removed, Jap style sights installed, and a new Japanese stock assembly with band for the Type 30 bayonet and a dummy cleaning installed. Japanese markings are painted on the butt, but meaning unknown. MacPherson summarizes the Jap Training rifle program: “Starting in the 1920's, the Japanese government required all junior and senior high school boys to have two hours a week of military training. Several companies started producing the necessary training rifles for this purpose. Unfortunately most training rifles did not bear markings that identified their origin. These training rifles had no standard design and were often made from older models of military rifles or parts from these rifles. Therefore you will find many variations of the same model. There are known models that used 1888 Mauser, type 99, type 30, and type 38 rifle parts. These training rifles continued to be produced until the late 1930's. Some of these rifles could not be fired while others would fire wooden bullet blank ammunition. Many of the blank firing rifles were made with smooth bore barrels. Rarely would any of these rifles fire the standard service round. Nearly all of these training rifles could carry bayonets.” There is a more comprehensive discussion of Japanese training arms and equipment and use at http://www.japaneseweapons.net/gunyojyu/kyoren/english.htm but nothing specific on M1888 Mausers. This rifle is in overall VG-fine condition, as modified. Bore is mediocre, but these were not intended for firing, although I do not see that they did anything to prevent firing, and I assume it is still chambered for 8 x 57mm Mauser. We are selling as a training rifle for collectors and NOT SAFE TO FIRE. A very rare item for that very advanced collector of Japanese rifles or training rifles. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $350.00 (View Picture)

20634 Italian M1870/1887/1916 Vetterli-Mannlicher 6.5mm Bolt Action Rifle - Serial number R5928 probably made circa 1890 at Torino, (one of four Italian state run arsenals). This is one of the better examples of this model we have encountered, although a cynic would note that the competition is not keen. Originally made as a single shot Vetterli rifle firing the 10.35 x 47mm rimmed cartridge, the model 1870 rifles were altered after 1887 to add a Vitalli type box magazine, much like the Dutch and their Beaumont-Vitalli rifles. In WW1, shortages of arms led the Italians to further alter these rifles in 1916 by lining the bore to use the 6.5x52mm Carcano centerfire cartridge and replacing the magazine with a Mannlicher type magazine. This conversion was only marginally safe for the early loads first used in the 6.5mm, and they were generally issued to second line troops, or colonial infantrymen. Some of the rifles served with the Italian forces in North Africa in WW2, (where the Italians were notably defeated by Haille Selassie's spear wielding Ethiopian tribesmen). Lug on side of barrel for sword/knife bayonet. Barrel flats marked with illegible maker and date on one side and serial number R5928 on the other. Walnut stock has an old military oil finish and is also somewhat oil soaked. Except for a crack over the cleaning rod hole in the forend the stock is actually pretty good with a legible roundel on the left side, “REPARIZONE, FABR D’ ARMI GARDONE, VT” from the time of last conversion. Right side has deeply struck serial number 5928. Metal parts with about 50-60% thinning arsenal refinish on most parts, that seems to be blue on some parts and a black paint type finish on others, and some areas of light rust or patina. We have seen a number of these over the years and this is among the better of a sorry lot. Unlike every other one we have had, this one actually had the cleaning rod! Good mechanics. Bore is dark and rough looking and may clean, or may not, but in our opinion these are UNSAFE TO SHOOT under any circumstances. Unlike the later Mannlicher-Carcanos of WW2, these are not encountered very often. A good representative example of this important early European military bolt action rifle which served into the WW1 era and even to a limited extent in WW2. Antique, no FFL needed. $325.00 (View Picture)

23268 Swiss Model 1869/1871 .41 rimfire Bolt Action Vetterli Repeating Rifle - Serial number 7129 matching, made by Rychner & Keller, Aarau. Although never used in combat (due to the Swiss policy of ensuring that all citizens were heavily armed skilled marksmen, not disarmed girly-men peaceniks). The bolt action Vetterli rifle with its 11 round tubular magazine was adopted at a time when most nations were still diddling with single shots, or attempting cheapskate conversions of muzzle loaders. The U.S. Army was in love with Trapdoors, and rejected other options for more than 20 years after the Swiss adopted the Vetterli. The only downside of the Swiss Vetterli was the weak rimfire ammunition (nominally 10.4x46mmR). This rifle is the standard infantry model with 33 inch barrel. The Models 1869 and 1871 have the square checkering on the forend, while the later 1878 and 1881 models do not, although they had minor mechanical improvements and better sights. The 1869 had a sliding cover for the loading gate, which was eliminated on the 1871. Many of the Swiss rifles were sold off as surplus in the early to mid 20th century. Winchester loaded .41 rimfire ammo up until WW2 and in the 1960s nearly unissued Vetterli rifles were selling from “Ye Olde Hunter” for $9.95 each. Ah, the good old days. This rifle is in good condition except that it has been poorly stored, so much of the original blue finish has turned to plum patina or acquired some light surface rust. This needs a good cleaning of all the metal parts, and a good rubbing with linseed oil on the stock to make it look a lot nicer than it is now. The unsanded walnut stock is dry and has assorted minor handling dings and bruises. Bore is dirty but good, and may clean better, but irrelevant as you are unlikely to find any .41 Swiss ammo to shoot. This is complete with the cleaning rod, which is often missing. A good representative example of an important and interesting rifle. These early Model 1869-1871 rifles are much harder to find, and usually in lesser condition than the later Model 1878 and 1881 rifles. Swiss rifles can be a fun and (relatively) inexpensive collecting niche, with a wide variety of variations from the core group of muzzle loading Federal rifles, the Milbank Amslers, Vetterlis, and Schmidt-Rubins. All are made of the finest materials to the highest quality standards, and fairly easy to find at affordable prices. $595.00 (View Picture)

7358 Italian M1870/87/16 6.5mm bolt action Vetterli-Vitalli-Mannlicher Rifle - Serial number LO1708 made circa 1870-1878 at Brescia, (one of four Italian state run arsenals). This is one of the better looking examples of this model we have seen lately (although a cynic would note that the competition is not keen). Originally made as a single shot Vetterli rifle firing the 10.35 x 47mm rimmed cartridge, the model 1870 rifles were altered from 1887 through 1896 to add a Vitalli type box magazine, much like the Dutch and their Beaumont-Vitalli rifles. In WW1, shortages of arms led the Italians to further alter these rifles by lining the bore to use the 6.5x52mm Carcano centerfire cartridge and replacing the magazine with a Mannlicher type magazine. This conversion was only marginally safe for the old black powder loads, and they were generally issued to second line troops, or colonial infantrymen. Some of the rifles served with the Italian forces in North Africa in WW2, (notably defeated by Haille Selassie's spear wielding Ethiopian tribesmen). WE CONSIDER THES UNSAFE TO SHOOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTNACES AND SELL ONLY AS A COLLECTOR ITEM, NEVER TO BE FIRED! Lug on side of barrel for sword/knife bayonet. Barrel flats marked BRESCIA on one side and serial number LO1708 on the other. Walnut stock has been lightly sanded during the period of it service and now has an old military oil finish. Right side has deeply struck serial number LO1708. Metal parts with about 90-95% of an old black paint finish, probably not military, but it makes the gun look nice…from a distance. Unlike very other example we have seen, THIS ONE HAS THE CLEANING ROD! As is almost always the case, the cleaning rod is missing. Good mechanics. Rough bore. Unlike the later Mannlicher-Carcanos of WW2, these early Italian military rifles are not encountered very often. A good representative example of this important early European military bolt action rifle. Antique, no FFL needed. $325.00 (View Picture)

20410 BRITISH THIRD MODEL "INDIA PATTERN" BROWN BESS MUSKET - The .75 caliber flintlock Brown Bess musket, in various forms, was the standard British military arm from circa 1722 to 1838, differing mainly in barrel length and minor construction details. This encompasses the formative years of both their colonial empire, especially in North America and what eventually became India, and their wars against the French known to Americans as the French and Indian War, and later the Napoleonic Wars (including the War of 1812 in America), as well as the American Revolution. These were simple, rugged, and reliable arms often remaining in service for decades after their original procurement. They also served with the quasi-military forces of the East India Company, and the Company’s arms were sometimes taken up for military issue in times when Army needs exceeded available supplies. Normally, the Ordnance Board bought locks and barrels from separate suppliers in advance, and then contracted with other specialists to provide stocks and fittings and assemble the parts into completed arms as needed. Thus there are many subtle differences between guns of the same model, depending on the original sources of the parts and when and where they were assembled, and how long they served, and where. The Brown Bess is generally grouped into three patterns or models for use by the “Land Service” or Army, while the “Sea Service” or Navy had their own distinct variations. The First “Long Land” Pattern had a 46 inch barrel and was used circa 1722- 1793. The Second “Short Land” Pattern with a 42 inch barrel was used circa 1768-1797. The Third, or “India Pattern,” Brown Bess had a 39 inch barrel and was used from the mid 1790s until the end of the flintlock musket era in the late 1830s. Erik Goldstein’s superb “The Brown Bess; An Identification Guide and Illustrated Study of Britain's Most Famous Musket“ is highly recommended to sort out the details of the various models and their evolution. This is an example of the “Third Model or India Pattern” musket with a 39.25 inch .75 caliber barrel. In addition to the shorter barrel, this model used a redesigned hammer with a “double throat” instead of the flimsy (but more attractive) “goose neck” hammer of earlier models. Mountings are all brass, with three ramrod pipes, the upper being the long “trumpet” shaped style. The 6.75” x 1.25” lockplate is marked TOWER behind the hammer with a crown over GR in front, with a crude arrow mark. This is ORIGINAL FLINTLOCK, not a reconversion! The left side of the barrel has a crown/B Birmingham proof, a crown/[?]F/broad arrow inspector(?) mark, and a crown/broad arrow property mark. No marks noted on the stock or mountings. The buttplate shows damage at the lower screw location, and possibly an old repair, and there is a repaired chip on the left side of the buttplate heel. Otherwise, the walnut stock is solid, with just the minor dings, blemishes and dirty patina of a 200 year old military arm. The overall workmanship on the stock is somewhat crude (lowest bidder!) and this may be either as originally assembled, or perhaps one that was restocked at some point long, long ago. Ramrod, lock screws, hammer screw and one (or both?) buttplate screws seem to be old replacements. Iron barrel and lock are basically dull gray steel mixed with patina, and having some areas of light pitting and roughness, especially on the lock plate tail, and near the muzzle. This is a very presentable example of a generic “Brown Bess” for the general collector, or for the more specialized collector, an example of the Napoleonic/War of 1812 arm of the British Infantry. It would be nicer with War Department markings to confirm British military use, but even without them, this is the same type of musket, and may have been used by the East India Company, or even provided commercially, or under the table, to British allies. A good representative example priced reasonably at only $1995.00 (View Picture)

19435 SCARCE AUSTRIAN MODEL 1854/1867 WANZL BREECHLOADING CONVERSION OF LORENZ MUSKET (14 x 33mm Rimfire) - In 1866 the Austrians fought a disastrous seven week war with German, where the German breechloading needle fire rifles decimated the Austrians with their muzzle loading Lorenz rifles. Therefore, in January 1867, the Austrians adopted the Wanzl system for converting their muzzle loading rifles to breechloading cartridge arms. (Six months later they adopted the rotary breech Werndl rifles for new manufacture by the new firm of Steyr.) This is the standard infantry model Wanzl, with total barrel length of about 37.5 inches and overall length of about 53 inches. The lock bears the original manufacture date of 1862, stamped in the Austrian method of only the last three digits, 862. The Wanzl conversion s similar to the later Allin Trapdoor system, where a new receiver is attached to the rear of the barrel, having a breechblock that flips up like the trapdoor. The locking system is unique, being an internal rod that locks into the rear of the breechblock as the hammer falls. The tang is marked THERESIA- ZEILINGER in a circle, the firm that did the conversion. The barrel is marked W 68 indicating acceptance at Vienna (Wein) in 1868. Overall condition is fine but will easily clean to excellent. Most parts retain their original bright polished finish under dried oil and crud. Several areas of the barrel and a few other parts have some very thin surface rust that can be carefully cleaned and blended into the rest of the polished areas. The bore is fantastic- mirror bright and sharp. The unsanded beech stock has a few assorted minor handling and storage dings and blemishes, but nothing significant. Stock is somewhat sticky from old oil or grease whichi probably has accumulated a lot of dirt which will clean off with it. Several cartouches or other stampings are sharp. The Wanzel is a very scarce gun, and would be an excellent addition to a collection of European military arms. An excellent collecting niche would be to specialize in the evolution of military rifle technology, something like “Military muskets converted to breechloaders.” Other examples that would fit in there are the British Sniders, the French Tabatier, the Swiss Milbank-Amsler; the U.S. first and second Allin trapdoors, some of the Remington rolling blocks, and several others. The best source of info on arms of this era is Keith Doyon’s superb site http://www.militaryrifles.com/ which we use often. (Note- The Lorenz muskets were nominally .54 caliber and the conversion used a rimfire cartridge variously called any of the following: 13.9 x 33mm Wanzel Model 1867 rimfire; 14 mm rimfire Wanzl ; 14.3 x 32.3mm rimfire Austrian Wänzel; 14.3 x 32.3mm rimfire Wänzel Mod. 1869; 14.5 x 32.5mm rimfire Austrian Wänzel; 14 mm Scharfe gewehrpatrone or the 14 x 33mm rimfire Wänzel. But whatever you call it, forget about ever finding any ammo for it!) ANTIQUE- No FFL needed $1495.00 (View Picture)

17359 LONDON ARMOURY COMPANY- POSSIBLE CONFEDERATE- PATTERN 1853 .577 “ENFIELD” RIFLE MUSKET - London Armoury Company was founded in 1859 by several British arms makers (including Robert Adams, Blackett Beaumont, and James Kerr) taking over the patents and machinery formerly used by Deane Adams & Dean for making revolvers. London Armoury company became famous for their high quality production of Kerr revolvers and machine made Enfield rifle muskets. In early 1861 Confederate agent Caleb Huse succeeded in getting London Armoury Company to commit to selling him their entire output. First they had to deliver some 1200 rifles on a Massachusetts contract which was completed by September, 1861. Eventually some 70,000 muskets were sold to the Confederacy. Thus, most London Armoury Enfields can be considered to be Confederate, realizing that there was the small Massachusetts contract, and that many rifles paid for by Huse ended up being captured by the Union Navy blockade fleet and diverted to use by federal forces. And a few may have been sold to other buyers. There is no way to tell for sure about a specific gun exactly where it may have served. At least this one doe NOT have the usual British crown over VR or other British military inspector marks which would be found on arms delivered to the crown, and unlikely to have reached America during the war. (Exception- the crown marked middle band, which may be a period or later collector replacement.) This is a standard 3-band rifle musket with 39 inch barrel, brass buttplate and trigger guard with a mellow old patina, and Baddley clamping bands. Front and rear sights are intact and not boogered by shooters. The lockplate markings are nicely engraved “LONDON ARMOURY.” and no date. The barrel is mostly dull steel gray mixed with some staining, and also having the expected light roughness and fine pitting around the breech. The European walnut stock shows normal shrinkage so that the buttplate stands a bit proud and the bands do not clamp real tightly. It has the usual assortment of minor dings and bruises, but no cracks, repairs or even significant dings to point out. Even the often rotted wood behind the nipple area is intact. Totally untouched and uncleaned. The bore is very sharp and smooth, although in need of a good cleaning. 31 over 31 stamped on the buttplate tang. The sling swivels have been removed, but very few troops actually used slings during the Civil War, so that was probably done during the period of use. A good solid representative Civil War imported Enfield .577 three band rifle musket, and quite likely a Confederate import. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $2350.00 (View Picture)

22222 ARGENTINE MODEL 1891 MAUSER 7.65mm RIFLE- NICE! - Serial Number P8846 matching throughout, including the cleaning rod. These are 7.65x53mm Mauser caliber (sometimes called 7.65mm Argentine Mauser). These are important milestones as the first of many Mauser models adopted by various South American countries. Marked on the left side of the receiver "MAUSER MODELO ARGENTINO 1891/ MANUFACTURA LOEWE BERLIN" Receiver ring has the crest ground off, per Argentine law after some Argentine rifles showed up in a neighboring country's guerilla forces. Loewe later merged with the Mauser brothers to form Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). This rifle is in excellent condition, with nearly all the bright polished finish on the bolt and about 98-99% original blue. There are a number of scattered light specks of surface rust, especially on the lower band that should clean off easily. The stock was lightly sanded in the past leaving only a faint trace of the liberty cap cartouche, but is free from any significant dings or blemishes other than those near the upper band spring shown in the photos. This is from an old pre-1968 collection and not defaced by any import markings. This is a very nice rifle. The bore is G-VG with strong rifling but dark in the grooves. This has the later features (wings on the bolt sleeve, long handguard, steel tipped cleaning rod, etc). South American military rifles are an attractive collecting specialty, with a wide number of examples, either limited to Mausers alone, or including all types. Most are still pretty reasonably priced, although it may take a while to find some variations, especially in decent condition. (We highly recommend Robert Ball's Mauser Military Rifles of the World to learn more, or Colin Webster’s definitive Argentine Mauser Rifles for the 1891-1909 models and their variants and accessories.) ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $550.00 (View Picture)

17801 ARGENTINE MODEL 1891 7.65MM MAUSER RIFLE- Nice! - Serial Number N5873 matching throughout, except for the cleaning rod-P0825. These are 7.65x53mm Mauser caliber (sometimes called 7.65mm Argentine Mauser). These are important milestones as the first of many Mauser models adopted by various South American countries. Marked on the left side of the receiver "MAUSER MODELO ARGENTINO 1891/ MANUFACTURA LOEWE BERLIN" Receiver ring has the crest ground off, per Argentine law after some Argentine rifles showed up in a neighboring country's guerilla forces. Loewe later merged with the Mauser brothers to form Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). This rifle is in excellent condition, with nearly all the bright polished finish on the bolt and about 97-98% original blue looking sort of ugly now. We think that is just from a coat of old dried up grease or oil, but may be the blue is starting to turn plum. The stock has been lightly sanded in the past leaving only a faint trace of the liberty cap cartouche, but is free from any significant dings or blemishes. This is one of 55,000 made by Loewe in 1894 under their third contract. This is from an old pre-1968 collection and not defaced by any import markings. This is a nice rifle, or will be after a light cleaning, and only the fact that some are found in even better condition make this one less nice by comparison. The bore is G-VG with strong rifling but dark in the grooves. This has the later features (wings on the bolt sleeve, long handguard, steel tipped cleaning rod, etc). South American military rifles are an attractive collecting specialty, with a wide number of examples, either limited to Mausers alone, or including all types. Most are still pretty reasonably priced, although it may take a while to find some variations, especially in decent condition. (We highly recommend Robert Ball's Mauser Military Rifles of the World to learn more, or Colin Webster’s definitive Argentine Mauser Rifles for the 1891-1909 models and their variants and accessories.) ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $550.00 (View Picture)

18333 Scarce Swiss Milbank-Amsler Infanteriegewehr Rifle Model 1863/1867 - Serial number 518 matching with added rack number 145 on the right side of the barrel and left stock flat. This is a superb example of a key milestone in Swiss military arms- the first model to use the .41 caliber rimfire cartridge (10.4 x 38mmR) which is familiar to most collectors as the Swiss Vetterli cartridge. This action is a flip up type initially designed by an American, Isaac Milbank, and refined and perfected by the Swiss Rudolf Amsler. It was adopted in 1867 as the standard action for converting several models of muzzle loading rifles then in service, all being designated by their original model and the addition of /1867 when modified. This was a modification of the Model 1863 infantry rifle which had been the first Swiss infantry arm that was rifled, although rifles had been used by Jaegers before that. The 1867 Milbank Amsler conversion was also applied to two different sharpshooter models (1851 and 1864) and the 1856 Jaeger and also to a Model 1842/59 infantry musket in .69 caliber (18mm) which used a different cartridge. The breech block is a two part hinged affair lifted by a round, flat, "beaver tail" paddle in a motion similar to the American “trapdoor” although mechanically quite different. Identifying a Milbank-Amsler is relatively easy, the flat, square, blocky two part breech-block is readily identifiable and seldom mistaken for anything else, but they are seldom seen in the collector world and this is the first we have ever found. Condition is spectacular with mirror bright and sharp bore, unsanded stock free from all but a few insignificant tiny blemishes, and about 96-97% original finish on the metal parts. The barrel and some other parts have a deep browned type finish, while others are blued or case hardened. There is one fingerprint size patch of light surface rust on the tang of the trigger guard. A really great example of an unusual early military cartridge rifle. I think that this could be an interesting collecting niche just looking for the different types of actions used to transform obsolete muzzle loaders into breech loading infantry arms. That would include the American Allin trapdoor, the British Snider, the Austrian Wanzel, whatever the French called the “Zulu” type action, etc. Or, just use this as the anchor for the earliest phase of a collection of Swiss military arms. ANTIQUE, no FFL needed. $1895.00 (View Picture)

17800 Swiss Model 1878 .41 rimfire (10.38 x 38Rmm) Vetterli Rifle - Serial number 190244 (Repetier-Gewehr 1878) Receiver marked "[cross]/ Waffenfabrik/Bern/190244/M.78" with matching numbers on other parts. Metal parts with about 80-90% original blue finish on most parts. The top of the barrel between the lower band and the rear sight has thinning finish turning plum and mixed with patina. Excellent medium brown color walnut stock with good cartouches and original oil finish with some assorted mostly minor storage and handling bruises. This one previously lived with a smoker and it reeks of tobacco smoke and has a thin film of crud that needs to be cleaned off and it will look much nicer. This is the standard Swiss Infantry rifle, a bolt action tubular magazine (12 round) repeating rifle from the period when we were still fussing with single shot flopdoor fusils. Admittedly the .45-70 cartridge was good for long ranges, while the .41 rimfire was a pretty puny load. Bore in the 33 inch barrel is sharp and mirror bright, and overall workmanship reflects the legendary Swiss precision workmanship. Upper band has stud on right side for sword bayonet, but these could also use a socket bayonet with a cruciform blade. Complete with the original cleaning rod, which is usually missing from these rifles. These were made between 1879 and 1881. A handsome example of 130 year old rifle! Antique, no FFL needed. $795.00 (View Picture)

17798 PORTUGUESE MODEL 1886/89 STEYR KROPATSCHEK RIFLE - Serial number Q940. Made by Steyer in Austria in 1886. Marked on receiver OE.W.F.G. Steyer/ 1886, faint traces of crown over L.Io., and M.1886 due to old arsenal refinish. Receiver, barrel and stock with serial Q940. Bolt mismatched O914 and other numbers. The Steyer Kropatschek is very similar to the German Mauser 1871/84 with a tubular magazine, but the details are slightly different throughout. Caliber is 8x60R Kropatschek, so you probably will not find any ammo. This example had the 1889 modification which added a handguard over the top of the barrel between the rear sight and the middle band, as shown by clearance cuts in the barrel channel for the clips to hold the handguard on. Handguard is missing (as with nearly all of these), leaving this looking just like the original M1886 if you don't spot the additional inletting for the clips. Stock is a nice medium brown walnut having been sanded long ago and picking up only a few tiny blemishes since then. There is a small crack on the left die of the wrist by the receiver tang, but it does not appear to affect strength much. About 90% thinning arsenal refinish blue on receiver and barrel, but the finish is mostly worn off the bands. Bolt and innards of action are nice and bright. Bore is about fine. Complete with the nearly always missing cleaning rod. Overall fine plus condition, much nicer than these are usually found. The 1886/89 model reportedly was sent to colonial outposts to minimize heat wave interference with the sight picture. Portugal had significant colonial holdings in Africa and Asia until early in the 20th century. ANTIQUE- no FFL needed. $650.00 (View Picture)


Miscellaneous Stuff and Restoration Projects!

Cootl stuf that does not fit well in the other categories. And, for those of you who have thoughtfully stashed away some stocks and hardware (or stocks and bonds with which to invest in stocks and bands) here are some prime candidates for restoration. Some of these rifles were converted to sporters many years ago when no one was interested in collecting "surplus" military  rifles and everybody was busy turning them into cheap deer rifles. While many people butchered the stocks and cut off barrels and refinished things, a few considerate (or lazy) people merely chopped off the stock and threw away all the useless bands and stuff. These rifles are very easy to restore if you have an appropriate stock and bands.

1087 RARE- MOSTLY ORIGINAL U.S. MODEL 1892 .30-40 KRAG RIFLE (RESTORATION PROJECT) - Serial number 8991. The original Model 1892 Krag rifles began production in 1894, after a delay caused by complaints over the adoption of a “foreign” instead of domestic invention. Only about 24,562 Model 1892 rifles were made. In 1900 Springfield Armory recalled all of them still in service and updated them to Model 1896 configuration. Some 18,559 are documented as being converted, but as Mallory notes in his book “…evidently many of these unconverted rifles were lost of destroyed in service or were scrapped, because unaltered Model 1892 rifles are extremely scarce.” The consensus among advanced collectors is that they are about as scarce as Gas Trap Garands, or M1903 Rod Bayonet rifles or Pedersen devices, with perhaps 50 but no more than 100 surviving examples of each of these rarities. The Model 1892 differed from the Model 1896 mostly by having a full length cleaning rod mounted under the barrel, and the buttplate was flat, not curved at the toe, the handguard is shorter, not covering the ring of the receiver. The muzzle is flat, not crowned, and there is no hold open pin on the extractor or corresponding notch on the receiver. There are a number of other smaller details, and within the Model 1892 there were a number of evolutionary changes made, but you can read about them in the Mallory or Brophy books on Krags. This has a M1892 UNMODIFIED receiver which has never had the notch added for the bolt stop when M1892 rifles were upgraded to M1896 configuration. It has an ORIGINAL unmodified M1892 stock with very legible original JSA 1895 cartouche and circle P and the original flat buttplate, but sadly has been cut off at the lower band. However, this can be restored using a new forend and adding a cleaning rod groove in the forend section, and installation of an early (unslotted) upper band. Since original M1892 upper bands are virtually extinct, you can epoxy on a metal insert as a guide for the rod. S&S has excellent repro M1892 cleaning rods so that is the easy part. The action is marked on the left side 1894 SPRINGFIELD ARMORY 8991 and the sideplate and loading gate have matching numbers. Exterior metal surfaces are mostly a mix of dull brown patina mixes with dull steel gray. The visible surface are free from pitting, but there is some moderate pitting on the barrel below the wood line. Bore has strong rifling, but is worn and dark in the grooves, not real bad, not real good. Bolt is the (scarce) correct type for this serial number range with the square rib. Bolt sleeve is the correct 1892 knurled type. The M1896 extractor has been altered to remove the bolt stop pin, so it looks like the M1892. The cocking piece has the sloped bottom, instead of being square, and the firing pin is the later type with a rounded cut instead of square. Magazine cutoff an early long style with the coiled spring and plunger instead of the leaf spring, but this was not adopted until a few thousand number higher. The handguard is the correct original Model 1892 short type. Initials WFP lightly scratched on the bottom of the stock ahead of the trigger guard but not very noticeable. With the addition of a forend, upper band and cleaning rod, this will be a good representative example of the very rare Model 1892 Krag, and mostly original. When completed, only the most advanced collectors will be able to tell the difference without making a very close inspection of every detail. The extreme scarcity of surviving unmodified M1892 rifles eliminates the chances for most collectors to ever own one. So this may be as close as you will get, and the price for this restoration project example is much more affordable. Antique, no FFL needed. $1995.00 (View Picture)

22186 U.S. NAVY DUMMY TRAINING RIFLE, MARK I (M1903 SPRINGFIELD TYPE) (NICE!) - Rifles were desperately needed for front line troops during WW2, leading to the purchase of dummy rifles for use in basic training to teach marching and close order drill, etc. This made hundreds of thousands of "real" rifles available for issue to troops in combat units, or advanced training. The Parris-Dunn Corporation of Clarinda, Iowa, produced a full size replica of the Model 1903 Springfield, and the Navy bought 300,000 and the Army got 200,000 more. These were marked on the buttplate “U.S.N./ Dummy Rifle/Mark I” along with the maker’s name. Nearly identical versions were sold as the “Victory Trainer,” and smaller versions were made for commercial sales until a few years ago. The Dummy Rifle Mark I continued in ceremonial use in some Naval commands well into the 1970s. This example is totally correct and complete with about 95% original finish- blued metal parts except correct black painted bolt and trigger guard parts. Wood parts with original stained and painted finish, and very few storage and handling dings for a 70 year old item. Minor crack through the wrist area but barely noticeable. Buttplate marked "DUMMY TRAINING RIFLE/ MARK I - U.S.N./ PARRIS-DUNN CORP/ CLARINDA IOWA" has some of the original blue finish, mixed with scars from use and some light rust around the edges. Among the top 10% of all these we have seen over the years. A must for any M1903 Springfield collector. Not a firearm, no FFL or paperwork needed, and not even banned in Kalifornia, yet. $195.00 (View Picture)

14811 COMMIE BLOC "FENCING MUSKET" - Obviously patterned after the Mosin Nagant, but then altered with a block of wood resembling an AK style magazine added to the bottom, these were used for teaching bayonet fighting. The spring loaded tip can be depressed about 4 inches into the barrel, similar to a pogo stick. This is a fairly common approach, and I have seen fencing muskets with the same concept from Sweden and England as well. The U.S. used bayonets with passed spring steel blades, and later switched to "pugil sticks". Just collecting "fencing musket variations would be neat specialty with probably several dozen variations from all over the world to chase down. These may be East German as some are marked "MODELL 4.853" which sounds German to me. Overall excellent condition (except for some scattered light surface rust that should clean up). Complete with original excellent sling. Still legal in Kalifornia, but may be next on their ban list. Non-firearm, no FFL needed. Photo shows a typical example, but this is one we were going to keep and is nicer than the one in the photo. $95.00 (View Picture)


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